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Emergency aid of 19.5 million ECU for Ethiopia and Sudan has just
been approved by the Commission.
In Ethiopia, generally better weather conditions than in 1984 have
meant that the 1985 harvest is 29% up overall on 1984.  It is still
lower than normal, however.  Aid requirements for 1986 are put at
900 000 tonnes of cereals, with some 5 million people still in need
of aid (8 million in 1985).
Sudan recorded a sorghum surplus this year but, in spite of this,
large sections of the population in arid areas still need food aid
and other forms of relief this year.  The population in need is
estimated at 3.6 million, to which must be added 1.2 million
refugees.
The aid granted will finance the following operations :
Ethiopia - 6 million ECU, of which :
- International Committee of the Red Cross : 1 million ECU for 1 500
tonnes field beans, medicines and transport;
- Non-governmental organizations : 4 million ECU for supplementary
 food products, medicines, medical teams;
- Office of UN High Commissioner for Refugees : 1 million ECU for
 supplementary food products, medicines and transport.
The Commission has also recently approved food aid of 55 000 tonnes
of cereals and, in the near future, after consultation with the
Member States, it intends making a further substantial allocation.
This should maintain aid at 1985 levels.
                                                             ./.
       
                               - 2 -
Sudan  - 13.5 million ECU, of which :
- Commission delegation and Government : 5.5 million ECU to buy and
  distribute on the spot 15 - 20 OOO tonnes of sorghum;
- Community intervention teams : 1 850 000 ECU for medical/
nutritional operations;
- Non-governmental organizations : 3 150 000 ECU for supplementary
 food, transport, etc.
- Office of UN High Commissioner for Refugees : 3 million ECU for
 supplementary food products, medicines and transport.
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