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       Aid granted by the Commission towards readaptation costs for
       ECSC industry workers reached the record figure of 215 million
       ECU in 1985, the total number of beneficiaries being 66.953.
       This represents a 65 % increase as compared with 1984, when
       the total granted was 140 million ECU and the number of
       beneficiaries was 59 967 - this latter figure taking account
       of both "traditional" aid and "exceptional" aid (which reached
       a total of 122.5 million ECU in 1984).
       As regards "exceptional" aid, the Council failed to take any
       decision in 1985 on the transfer to the ECSC budget of special
       resources set aside under the general budget of the
       Communities for social measures in support of restructuring in
       the steel and coal industries.  If a carryover were to be
       authorized in respect of the unused appropriations, a transfer
       decision could be taken in 1986 (it would be the same amount
       as in 1984).
       "Traditional" readaptation aid is granted on the basis of
       Article 56(2)(b) of the ECSC Treaty, which provides for
       Community contributions towards the financing of tideover,
       temporary lay-off, resettlement and vocational training
       measures for workers forced to change their jobs.  The
       provision of such aid is conditional on the payment by the
       State concerned of a contribution at least equal to the
       Community contribution, unless an exception is authorized by
       the Council.
       The aid granted relates in part - notably as regards France
       and Italy - to multiannual programmes and takes the form
       either of income support payments in the case of early
       retirement, unemployment or reemployment or of a contribution
       towards costs in the case of vacational training, mobility or
       reintegration in a new job.
       ./.
                       
                     - 2 -
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|MEMBER STATE      COAL INDUSTRY       STEEL INDUSTRY AND IRON ORE MINES |
+--------------+------------+---------+-----------------+----------------+  |
|Amount (ECU)  | Workers    |  Amount (ECU)             |    Workers     |
+--------------+------------+---------+-----------------+----------------+
|Belgium       |    -       |   -     |    9.283.000    |     4.285
|Denmark       |    -       |   -     |        -        |       -
|FR of Germany |43.255.000  |10.676   |   17.219.250    |    10.490
|France        |25.830.500  | 3.060   |   46.202.750    |    17.062
|Italy         |    -       |   -     |   42.900.250    |    15.392
|Ireland       |    -       |   -     |      713.500    |       156
|Luxembourg    |    -       |   -     |    4.815.250(1) |       -
|Netherlands   |    -       |   -     |    1.457.500    |       874
|United Kingdom| 4.096.500(2|   481   |   19.226.500    |     4.477
+--------------+------------+---------+-----------------+----------------+
|TOTAL         |73.182.000  |14.217   |  141.818.000    |    52.736
+--------------+------------+---------+-----------------+----------------+
(1) Aid relating to a programme approved in 1984.
(2) Including 3.016.500 ECU relating to a programme approved in 1984.
The budget for 1986 includes 150 million ECU for traditional  readaptation
aid under Article 56 of the ECSC Treaty plus a further 160  million ECU for
social measures in support of restructuring - the  latter subject to the
receipt of exceptional resources (transfer from  the general budget to the
ECSC budget) and comprising 100 million ECU  for the steel industry and 60
million ECU for the coal industry.
The Commission has recently revised the aid arrangements laid down in  the
bilateral conventions concluded with the individual Member States  so as to
harmonize its efforts more closely across the Community and  achieve a more
satisfactory balance between "traditional" aid and aid  under the coal and
steel social support programmes.

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