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  The European Commission has tabled a formal request to the GATT
  Secretariat for the creation of a panel to examine certain
  provisions of the new American Trade and Tariff Act which was
  approved by Congress in late 1984.
  The new American rules extend the notion of an industry injured by
  dumping or subsidy, in the case of the wine industry, to the
  producers of grapes.  This is in contradiction with the GATT rules
  which state clearly that the industry suffering injury, and
  therefore entitled to initiate proceedings, must be the producer
  of a similar product to the one being dumped or subsidised.  This
  would not be the case if an anti-subsidy investigation were opened
  following a complaint from to American grape industry.
  At the request of the Commission, two special meetings of the GATT
  Subsidies Committee have already taken place in December and
  January, under the provisions of the GATT dispute settlement
  procedures, to discuss the anti-subsidy provisions of the new
  rules.  These did not lead to any mutually acceptable soloution.
  Accordingly, the Commission has decided to move to the next stage
  of the dispute settlement procedure by calling for a panel to
  examine these new rules.

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