This «support programme for food and nutrition security, sustainable agriculture and resilience in Burkina Faso» forms part of the €800 million announced by the European Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Neven Mimica, on 7 December 2016 at the International Conference organised by Burkina Faso in Paris.
Commissioner Mimica made the following statement: ‘Two and a half months after the Paris Donor Conference, today we are signing a programme of €117 million for food and nutrition security. This new budgetary support will enable the government of Burkina Faso to continue implementing its National Development Plan, which the European Union is supporting with a contribution of €800 million. Everything must be done to ensure that the population benefits rapidly from the dividends of democracy. I am satisfied that the European Union has kept its promise to speed up the implementation of our projects, as I myself announced when I visited the country last February.'
At this International Conference the Burkina Faso government presented a new National Economic and Social Development Plan (PNDES) for 2016-2020, which was adopted during its first year in power. The Plan targets food and nutrition security, sustainable agriculture and the environment.
The EU support measure was signed today in Burkina Faso by Director-General Stefano Manserivsi. Its aim is to assist the country's efforts to implement the National Food and Nutrition Security Policy (PNSAN), the aim of which is to establish sustainable food and nutrition security for 2025. This European support will assist the government's agriculture and livestock policy, with particular emphasis on reducing chronic malnutrition.
This support will be implemented in 2017-2021 in the form of sectoral budgetary aid of €100 million with, in addition, support for specific projects to improve the eating habits of poor households, through the Strategic National Plan for Infant and Young Child Feeding (ANJE).
These measures will take the form of activities and investments to support irrigated agriculture, the small livestock sector, nutrition education and make available local nutrition inputs, in particular in order to improve food security and the income of vulnerable households.
The programme indicators established with the government are designed to increase irrigated areas, promoting access of women to irrigated agricultural developments, increase vaccination cover for small ruminants, and improve nutrition for women and children by combating malnutrition.
More generally, it will support the reforms needed to translate national policy into action and ensure good governance of food security in order to improve the food and nutrition security of the population and encourage development.
Burkina Faso, with around 17 million inhabitants and population growth of 3.1% per year, is a country in the Sahel facing recurrent food crises and pervasive food security. There are many reasons for these food crises, both structural and circumstantial. There is permanent food insecurity in the country despite a primary sector that employs over 80% of the population and contributes 30% of GDP.
The aid is intended to support irrigation and the small livestock sector in order to improve the population's food and nutrition security. The programme will be implemented over five years. This EU budget support contract is the last of a set of four to be signed with Burkina Faso. The other contracts are for general budgetary support (€136 million) and three sectoral budgetary support measures in the area of water (€54 million), health (€84 million) and the nutrition/resilience contract signed today (€117 million).
Burkina Faso is receiving €623 million from the 11th European Development Fund for 2014-2020. The three priority sectors are good governance (€325 million), health (€80 million) and food security, sustainable agriculture and water (€190 million). Support for civil society receives €21 million, and €7 million will be allocated to accompanying measures.
Finally, besides receiving aid under the 11th European Development Fund regional programme for West Africa, Burkina Faso also receives aid from the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. Six projects amounting to €78.5 million have already been approved. Burkina Faso is also aided under several regional programmes of the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa.