Neven Mimica, the European Commissioner for international cooperation and development, announced this significant strengthening of European aid for Chad at the Donors Round Table for the funding of Chad's 2017-2021 National Development Plan, held in Paris on 7-8 September.
Commissioner Mimica said: ‘Chad is racing against time to address the multiple challenges facing it. The European Union will continue to mobilise all its instruments to assist it. Between 2017 and 2021, we will make EUR 925 million available. I would like to tell the people of Chad, once again, that the country is not forgotten. I call on all our partners to rise to the challenges and step up their support for Chad.'
The European aid announced covers support not only for essential sectors such as nutrition, food security and resilience, and sustainable agriculture, but also for democratic governance, security, promotion of the rule of law, employment and vocational training.
On the margins of the Round Table, Commissioner Mimica and the Chadian Planning Minister, Nguéto Tiraïna Yambaye, signed two new programmes for a total of EUR 176 million, to be rolled out at once. The aim of this financing is to strengthen food and nutrition security (EUR 156 million) and enhance the country's internal security (EUR 20 million).
The European Commissioner also announced that budgetary support of EUR 19 million would shortly be disbursed under the support programme for the consolidation of the state.
Chad is simultaneously confronted with numerous challenges on the humanitarian, security and development fronts. A vulnerable country and one of the poorest in the world, it has faced a two-pronged crisis since the end of 2014: an economic and budgetary crisis following the protracted fall in oil prices, and a security crisis resulting from the repeated attacks by Boko Haram (so-called ‘Islamic State in West Africa') and from the detrimental effects of the Libyan crisis – crises that are making the country even more vulnerable. Chad plays a key role in stabilising the region, particularly through its role in military operations against Boko Haram. Moreover, it is currently hosting over 400 000 refugees from neighbouring countries.
The European Union's strategic objectives are to support the development of Chad through sustainable management of its natural resources and to contribute to consolidating peace and implementing reforms designed to enhance governance.
The funding for the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) for Chad (EUR 542 million for 2014-2020) focuses on three sectors: (1) food security, nutrition and rural development (EUR 369 million), (2) sustainable management of natural resources (EUR 53 million) and (3) consolidation of the rule of law (EUR 93 million). This European support is supplemented by support for civil society and cross-sector support (EUR 27 million).
In April 2017, the National Indicative Programme received an increase of EUR 100 million, announced when Commissioner Mimica visited N'Djamena.
Chad also benefits from the full range of European instruments to support its role in maintaining stability in the region, to address the economic, budgetary and humanitarian crisis and to support the country in implementing its national development plan for the benefit of the people of Chad, particularly the most vulnerable. For example, EU support has contributed to half the progress made by Chad in increasing its people's access to drinking water.
Chad also receives over EUR 100 million of aid for projects financed under the Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing the root causes of irregular migration and the phenomenon of displaced persons in Africa.
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