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European Commission - Press release

State of Play: Measures to Address the Refugee Crisis

Brussels, 4 November 2015

State of Play: Measures to Address the Refugee Crisis

Updated 4 November 2015

The European Agenda on Migration adopted by the Commission in May 2015 set out the need for a comprehensive approach to migration management. Since then, a number of measures have been introduced – including the adoption of two emergency schemes to relocate 160,000 people in clear need of international protection from the Member States most affected to other EU Member States, and the endorsement of the Commission Action Plan on Return.

On 23 September, the European Commission presented a set of priority actions to implement the European Agenda on Migration to be taken within the next six months. This included both short term actions to stabilise the current situation as well as longer term measures to establish a robust system that will bear the test of time.

The list of priority actions set out the key measures immediately required in terms of: (i) operational measures; (ii) budgetary support and (iii) implementation of EU law.

The list was endorsed by the informal meeting of Heads of State and Government of 23 September 2015 and again on 15 October 2015.

These measures now need to be swiftly and effectively implemented at all levels.

For a state of play of the commitments made at the Western Balkans Route Leaders' Meeting, see here.

Financial pledges

At the informal meeting of Heads of State and Government of 23 September, Member States recognised the need to deploy additional national funding. They repeated their commitment at the European Council on 15 October. The Commission has already proposed amendments to its 2015 and 2016 budgets, boosting the resources devoted to the refugee crisis by €1.7 billion. This means that the Commission will spend €9.2 billion in total on the refugee crisis in 2015 and 2016. Member States committed to deploying national funding to match. However, a large number of Member States still need to match EU funding for the UNHCR, World Food Programme and other relevant organisations (€500 million), the EU Regional Trust Fund for Syria (€500 million) and the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (€1.8 billion).

Member States' financial pledges since 23 September 2015, € million


Member States

 

Africa Trust Fund

 

 

Syria Trust Fund[1]

Humanitarian aid pledged since 23 September 2015[2]

Total

World Food Programme

UNHCR

Other

Austria

3

3

(up to) 30

36

Belgium

3

x

x

x

7.5

10.5

Bulgaria

x

0.1

0.05

x

0.05

0.2

Croatia

x

x

0.04

x

x

0.04

Cyprus

x

x

0.02

x

x

0.02

Czech Republic

x

5

0.2

x

x

5.2

Denmark

x

10

9.4

8.7

x

28.1

Estonia

x

0.15

x

x

x

0.15

Finland

3

x

x

x

7.6

10.6

France

3

x

18

19

63

103

Germany

3

20

40

60

x

123

Hungary

x

x

x

x

1

1

Italy

10

6

3

2

22.21

43.21

Latvia

0.05

0.05

0.05

x

x

0.15

Lithuania

0.05

x

0.06

0.04

x

0.15

Luxembourg

3

x

0.20

0.1

0.76

4.06

Malta

x

x

0.07

x

0.02

0.09

Netherlands

x

x

x

x

2

2

Poland

x

x

1

1

x

2

Portugal

0.25

x

0.09

x

x

0.34

Slovakia

0.5

3

0.3

0.6

1.1

5.5

Spain

3

x

3.5

6.5

United Kingdom

x

x

9

32

96

137

Total Pledged

31.85

47.3

439.57

518.72

Contribution from the EU budget

1800

500

500

2800

Total required

3600

1000

1000

5600

Shortfall

1768.15

452.7

60.43

2281,28


[1] Figures for Italy and Germany include pledges for 2015 and 2016

[2] Contributions were made by Member States before that date.


Relocation Schemes

The measures proposed by the Commission and adopted by the Council on 14 September and 22 September to relocate 160,000 people in clear need of international protection will allow for a significant, if partial, reduction of the pressure on the most affected Member States. It is of crucial importance that these measures will now be fully implemented. To allow these schemes to function effectively, Member States must swiftly respond to the call for national experts to support the work in the hotspots, notify the Commission of their reception capacities, and identify the national contact points who will coordinate relocations with Greece and Italy as well as national resettlement efforts.

Member States' Support to Emergency Relocation Mechanism

Member States

National Contact Points Appointed

Liaison Officers Appointed

Reply to EASO call -Experts

Reply to Frontex call – Border guards

Relocation

Italy

Greece

Places Made Available

Relocated from Italy

Relocated from Greece

Remaining Places from the 160,000

Austria

V

V

V

45

31

x

x

x

1953

Belgium

V

V

V

15

4

30

x

x

3812

Bulgaria

V

x

x

1

x

40

x

x

1302

Croatia

V

x

x

2

11

x

x

x

968

Cyprus

V

V

V

x

x

30

x

x

320

Czech Republic

V

x

x

10

8

x

x

x

2691

Denmark

N/A

N/A

N/A

5

14

x

x

x

N/A

Estonia

V

 

 

1

1

x

x

x

329

Finland

V

V

V

1

x

200

48

x

2030

France

V

x

x

6

48

900

x

x

19714

Germany

V

V

V

14

50

10

x

x

27536

Greece

V

N/A

N/A

1

x

x

x

x

N/A

Hungary

V

x

V

1

4

x

x

x

1294

Ireland

V

V

x

2

x

20

x

x

600

Italy

V

N/A

N/A

x

4

x

x

x

N/A

Latvia

V

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

481

Lithuania

V

x

V

1

2

40

x

x

671

Luxembourg

V

V

V

x

x

90

x

30

527

Malta

V

x

x

2

x

131

x

x

131

Netherlands

V

V

x

6

43

x

x

x

5947

Poland

V

V

x

x

x

x

x

x

6182

Portugal

V

V

V

x

12

100

x

x

2951

Romania

V

V

V

11

22

300

x

x

4180

Slovakia

V

V

V

1

x

x

x

x

902

Slovenia

V

x

x

2

20

x

x

x

567

Spain

V

V

V

15

41

50

x

x

9323

Sweden

V

V

x

2

6

300

38

x

3728

United Kingdom

N/A

N/A

N/A

10

29

N/A

x

x

N/A

Norway

x

x

x

2

3

x

x

x

tbc

Switzerland

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

tbc

Liechtenstein

x

x

x

x

x

43

x

x

tbc

Iceland

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

tbc

TOTAL

All concerned EU Member States have now notified

11

8

157 experts (of 374 requested)

353 border guards
(of 743 requested)

14 Member States

2284 places (of 160,000)

86 (out of 39,600)

0 (out of 66,400)

98140 (of initial 98,256)[1]


[1]7,744 from the 40,000 decision still to be allocated

54,000 from the 120,000 decision still to be allocated.

 Hotspot Approach

Central to the EU's strategy and credibility is to demonstrate that the migration system can be restored to proper functioning, in particular by using Migration Management Support Teams deployed in 'hotspots' to help Member States under the most intense pressure to fulfil their obligations and responsibilities. For the Support Teams to work they need a strong core of EU Agencies, the closest of cooperation with the authorities in Italy and Greece, and the support of other Member States.

State of Play of Hotspot capacity

 

HOTSPOTS IN ITALY

 

LAMPEDUSA

POZZALLO

PORTE EMPEDOCLE

AUGUSTA

TARANTO

TRAPANI

Total Reception Capacity

500

300

300

300

300

400

EU Presence

Frontex:
15 Officers (Debriefing, screening and fingerprinting teams)

Frontex:
9 Officers (Debriefing and screening teams)

0

Frontex:
11 Officers (Debriefing and screening teams)

0

Frontex:
8 Officers (Debriefing and screening teams)

EASO: 
 4 Member State Experts

0

0

0

0

0


 

HOTSPOTS IN GREECE

 

LESVOS

CHIOS

SAMOS

LEROS

KOS

Total Reception Capacity

700 (Moria)

780 (Kara Tepe)

110

250

0

0

EU Presence

Frontex: 54 Officers (Debriefing, screening, fingerprinters and registration teams. Border Surveillance Officers, Advance Level Document Officer)

Frontex: 15 Officers (Debriefing, screening and Advance Level document expert teams. Border Surveillance Officer)

Frontex: 11 Officers (Screening and debriefing teams. Border Surveillance Officer and Advance Level Document Officer)

Frontex:
  9 Officers (Screening and debriefing teams. Border Surveillance Officer and Advance Level Document Officer)

Frontex: 12 Officers (Screening and debriefing teams. Border Surveillance Officer and Advance Level Document Officer)
 

EASO:
4 Member State experts &
2 EASO staff

0

0

0

0

Returns

Ensuring effective returns is a core part of the work of the Migration Management Support Teams in 'hotspot' locations. This also requires efficient systems to be in place inside the EU for issuing and enforcing return decisions. Concrete steps have been taken over the past month to develop a system of integrated return management and to make use of the EU's information exchange systems to include return decisions and entry bans. Member States' return agencies must also be given the necessary resources to perform their role. Member States should swiftly implement the EU action plan on return proposed by the Commission and endorsed by Member States at the October 2015 the Justice and Home Affairs Council.

Returns since September

RETURNS FROM ITALY

RETURNS FROM GREECE

JOINT FRONTEX RETURN FLIGHTS

SEPTEMBER 2015

Flight date

Destination country

Number of returns

Flight date

Destination country

Number of returns

Flight date

Organising Member State

Participating Member States

Destination country







08.09.2015

Germany

(66): DE (45), HU (16), FR (5)

Kosovo







17.09.2015

Italy

(49): IT (37), DE (2), CH (5), FR (4), MT (1)

Nigeria







22.09.2015

Austria

(65): AT(28), DE(28), SE(5), HU(4)

Kosovo







22.09.2015

France

(51): FR (25), BE (8), DE (18)

Albania







23.09.2015

Bulgaria

(29): BG (15), AT (6), ES (3), NL(4), PL (1),

Pakistan







24.09.2015

Germany

(6): DE (2), FI (4)

Armenia







28.09.2015

Norway

(26): NO (15), SE (2), ES (9)

Nigeria







29.09.2015

Sweden

(49): SE (18), DE (26), FR (5)

Albania

OCTOBER 2015

09.10.2015

Egypt

45




14.10.2015

The Netherlands

(28): NL (11), BE (3), LU (3), FI (1), SE (1), ES (8), HU (1)

Nigeria

19.10.2015

Tunisia

30




15.10.2015

Austria

(56): AT (17), DE (14), HU (25)

Kosovo

12.10.2015

Tunisia

30




15.10.2015

Italy

(42): IT (36), GR (4), BG (2)

Nigeria

21.10.2015

Egypt

48




20.10.2015

Germany

(36): DE (22), CH (8), BG (6)

Georgia







23.10.2015

Spain

ES (11 ALB, 17 GEO), SE (10 ALB, 4 GEO), GR (14 GEO)

Albania and Georgia



Total: 153



Total: 0



Total: 569



Support for Countries Triggering the EU Civil Protection Mechanism

The EU Civil Protection Mechanism is designed to offer practical support to Member States overwhelmed by a crisis situation. Serbia, Slovenia and Croatia are currently calling on its support. The Mechanism can mobilise various types of in-kind assistance, including teams and equipment, shelter, medical supplies and other non-food items, as well as expertise. A call is issued by the country activating the Mechanism, and participating States provide the assistance in response to the identified needs. The Commission has increased the amount of co-financing it will provide for the transport of relief items and experts during the current refugee crisis. So far, too few Member States have responded to these calls, and a large number of resources must still be provided for Serbia, Slovenia and Croatia to cope with the current situation.

Member States' Support to Civil Protection Mechanism for Serbia, Slovenia and Croatia

 

CROATIA

(26 October)

SERBIA

(21 September)

SLOVENIA

(22 October)

OFFERS

AUSTRIA

500 sleeping bags

2500 disposable blankets

25 000 disposable gloves

24 000 disposable raincoats

500 pillows

50 000 protective gloves

2500 blankets

500 sleeping bags

900 sets of personal protective equipment (PPE)

GERMANY

45 extension cords

100 wool blankets

500 pairs of rubber boots

50 000 pairs of disposable gloves

480 pairs of rubber gloves

 

 

CZECH REPUBLIC

 

 

22 heated family tents

110 sleeping bags

110 field beds

FRANCE

 

 

1 000 blankets

1 000 field beds

1 000 sleeping kits (each composed by 1 floor mat, 1 sleeping bag and 1 pillow)

LUXEMBOURG

10 000 protective masks

26 000 disposable gloves

150 foldable beds

5 000 protective masks

26 000 disposable gloves

10 000 protective masks

26 000 disposable gloves

3 000 sets of personal protective equipment (PPE)

2 LIFEPACK 15 (medical equipment)

150 field beds

NETHERLANDS

 

 

100 field beds

10 portable light towers

HUNGARY

 

50 000 protective masks

1 500 protective clothing

6 000 disposable respirators

78 winterized tents

SLOVAKIA

 

 

500 blankets

500 sleeping bags

275 bed linen

135 field beds

15 field tables

UNITED KINGDOM

150 Winterised family tents

10 000 High thermal synthetic blankets

50 000 Facemasks

100 000 disposable gloves

11 000 blankets

500 sleeping bags

3 000 roll mats

 

 

11 000 fleece blankets

1 600 sleeping bags

ROMANIA

 

2 500 sleeping bags

1 000 blankets

2 000 bed clothes

500 folding beds

500 mattresses

1 000 pillowcases

 



FULL LIST OF NEEDS

Requested item

Requested by Croatia

Offers to Croatia

Still needed by Croatia

Requested by Serbia

Offers to Serbia

Still needed by Serbia

Requested by Slovenia

Offers to Slovenia

Still needed by Slovenia

ambulances

 

 

0

5

 

5

 

 

0

bed linen

 

 

0

2,000

2,000

0

10,000

275

9,725

beds (bunk beds)

500

 

500

3,000 

 

3,000

 

 

0

beds (foldable)

1,000

150 

850

4,500

3,500

1,000

5,000

1,495

3,505

blankets

 

 

0

12,000

12,000

0

30,000

15,000

15,000

blankets (disposable foil)

15,000

2,500

12,500

 

 

0

 

 

0

blankets (disposable wool)

30,000

10,100

19,900

20,000 

 

20,000

 

 

0

buses

 

 

0

3

 

3

 

 

0

clothing protective and PPEs

 

 

0

 

 

0

50,000

5,400

44,600

containers (heated accommodation)

100

 

100

174

 

174

50

 

50

containers (sanitary)

20

 

20

40 

 

40

10

 

10

containers (water)

100

 

100

 

 

0

 

 

0

extension cords (25m)

250

45

205

 

 

0

 

 

0

extension cords (50m)

250

 

250

 

 

0

 

 

0

extension cords (7m)

 

 

0

 

 

0

1,000

 

1,000

first aid kit

3,000

 

3,000

 

 

0

 

 

0

fuel diesel

 

 

0

10

 

10

 

 

0

fuel oil

 

 

0

10

 

10

 

 

0

generators (100 kWa)

 

 

0

 

 

0

6

 

6

generators (6kKM)

 

 

0

2

 

2

 

 

0

gloves (disposable)

250,000

201,000

49,000

76,000

76,000

0

200,000

26,000

174,000

gloves (rubber)

50,000

480

49,520

 

 

0

 

 

0

heaters (electrical)

100

 

100

 

 

0

 

 

0

heaters (tent)

100

 

100

150 

 

150

50

 

50

illumination / light towers

10

 

10

 

 

0

100

10

90

kitchen (mobile)

 

 

0

10

 

10

3

 

3

lamps

400

 

400

 

 

0

 

 

0

mattresses

 

 

0

3,500

3,500

0

 

 

0

medical equipment (LIFEPAK)

 

 

0

 

 

0

2

                  0

mini vans

 

 

0

10

 

10

 

 

0

pillow cases

 

 

0

 

1,000

-1,000

5,000


5,000

pillow

 

 

0

1,500

500

1,000

5,000

1,000  

4,000

protective face masks

60,000

60,000 

0

60,000

55,000

5,000

10,000 

10,000 

0

radiators (oil)

 

 

0

 

 

0

60

 

60

raincoats (disposable)

50,000

24,000

26,000

50,000 

 

50,000

 

 

0

respirators (disposable)

 

 

0

 

 

0

6,000

6,000

0

roll mats

10,000

 

10,000

 

 

0

 

1,000 

-1,000[1]

rubber boots

1,000

500

500

2,000 

 

2,000

 

 

0

rubber pads

500

 

500

3,000

 

3,000

 

 

0

shower (mobile)

 

 

0

27

 

27

 

 

0

sleeping bags

2,500

500

2,000

3,000

3,000

0

5,000

3,710

1,290

tables and benches

 

 

0

 

 

0

350

15

335

tents (winter)

1,000

150 

850

170 

 

170

300

100

200

toilets (mobile)

 

 

0

27

 

27

 

 

0

vehicles (4x4)

 

 

0

20

 

20

 

 

0

water pumps

 

 

0

4

 

4

 

 

0


[1] -xxxx represent items that were not requested but were received as part of a package/kit.

Background

The European Commission has been consistently and continuously working for a coordinated European response on the refugees and migration front.

Upon taking office, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker entrusted a Commissioner with special responsibility for Migration – Dimitris Avramopoulos – to work together with the other Commissioners, coordinated by First Vice-President Frans Timmermans, on a new policy on migration as one of the 10 priorities of the Political Guidelines.

On 13 May 2015, the European Commission presented its European Agenda on Migration, setting out a comprehensive approach for improving the management of migration in all its aspects.

Two implementation packages under the Agenda, on 27 May 2015 and on 9 September 2015 have already been adopted and the measures therein are starting to be deployed.

For more information

Press Release - Refugee Crisis: European Commission reports on progress in implementation of priority actions

Communication: Managing the refugee crisis: State of Play of the Implementation of the Priority Actions under the European Agenda on Migration

Memo – Q&A on Emergency Relocation

All press materials on the EU Migration Agenda

Letter from President Tusk, Presudent Juncker and Prime Minister Bettel to all European Heads of State and Government following the Leaders' meeting on refugee flows along the Western Balkans route


[1] Figures for Italy and Germany include pledges for 2015 and 2016.

[2] Contributions were made by Member States before that date.

[3]7,744 from the 40,000 decision still to be allocated

54,000 from the 120,000 decision still to be allocated.

 

IP/15/5958

Press contacts:

General public inquiries: Europe Direct by phone 00 800 67 89 10 11 or by email


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