Communiqué de presse
Bruxelles, le 30 janvier 2014
Janvier 2014: le climat économique continue de s'améliorer dans la zone euro et dans l’UE
En janvier 2014, l’indicateur du climat économique (Economic Sentiment Indicator, ESI) a augmenté de 0,5 point dans la zone euro et de 0,9 point dans l’Union européenne, pour s'établir respectivement à 100,91 et à 104,7. La tendance à la hausse observée depuis le mois de mai 2013 s'est poursuivie, bien qu'à un rythme moins rapide et dans un plus petit nombre de secteurs qu'au cours des mois précédents.
Economic sentiment indicator (s.a.)
January EU: 104.7 - Euro Area: 100.9
Euro area developments
In the euro area, the ESI's increase was driven by improved confidence in services, retail trade and among consumers. By contrast, confidence weakened in industry and construction. Economic sentiment improved in two out of the five largest euro area economies, i.e. Germany (+0.7) and France (+1.1), remained broadly stable in Spain and Italy and deteriorated in the Netherlands (-1.0).
Industry confidence registered a small decrease (-0.5), resulting from managers' worsened assessment of the stocks of finished products. Their production expectations and assessment of the current level of overall order books were virtually unchanged. Also managers' assessments of the past production and the current level of export order books, which are not included in the confidence indicator, remained broadly stable in January. The strong increase in services confidence (+1.9) resulted from improved assessments of demand expectations and the past business situation, while the assessment of past demand was virtually unchanged. Consumer confidence improved markedly (+1.8) and is above its long term-average for the first time since July 2011. This was mainly thanks to improving expectations about unemployment and the future general economic situation. Albeit to a lesser degree, also consumers' views on the future financial situation of their households improved while their assessment of savings over the next 12 months remained unchanged. Retail trade confidence increased markedly (+1.6) thanks to improvements in all its three components: managers' present and expected business situation and their assessment of the volume of stocks. Meanwhile, confidence in the construction sector decreased strongly (‑3.7), resulting from managers' markedly worsened assessment of order books and a less important downward revision of employment expectations. Financial services confidence (not included in the ESI) increased by 4.1 points. While the past business situation and demand expectations were assessed markedly more positively, the assessment of past demand worsened.
Employment plans were revised upwards in services and retail trade. They remained virtually unchanged in industry but worsened somewhat in construction. Selling price expectations decreased in retail trade and construction, while remaining broadly unchanged in industry and services. Consumers' price expectations for the next 12 months remained flat.
In the wider EU, the improvement in sentiment was slightly more pronounced (+0.9). The ESI improved in the two largest non-euro area EU economies, Poland (+1.7) and the UK (+1.0). On a sector basis, as in the euro area, confidence improved in services, retail trade and among consumers and decreased slightly in industry. Confidence in the wider EU construction sector remained stable. The main reason for this difference compared to the euro area was markedly improving construction confidence in the UK.
Employment plans in industry were more upbeat EU-wide than in the euro area; on the other hand, employment plans in services were revised downwards somewhat. Concerning selling prices, the main differences to the euro area were lowered expectations in services, while expectations of construction managers remained flat. Consumers' price expectations were revised downwards.
Quarterly survey in manufacturing (conducted in January)
In the euro area manufacturing sector, the estimated rate of capacity utilisation increased markedly to 80%. Accordingly, the share of managers assessing their current production capacity as 'not sufficient' (in view of current order books and demand expectations) increased. Also managers' assessment of developments in overall new orders and their export volume expectations improved. In line with these findings, managers' appraisal of their competitive position on foreign markets outside the EU improved compared with the previous survey carried out in October. The number of months' production assured by orders on hand remained unchanged. Developments in the wider EU were largely in line with euro area developments.
Industrial confidence indicator (s.a.)
January EU: -2.6 - Euro Area: -3.9
Service confidence indicator (s.a.)
January EU: 7.3 - Euro Area: 2.3
Consumer confidence indicator (s.a.)
January EU: -8.8 - Euro Area: -11.7
Retail trade confidence indicator (s.a.)
January EU: 2.0 - Euro Area: -3.4
Construction confidence indicator (s.a.)
January EU: -24.8 - Euro Area: -30.1
Financial services confidence indicator (n.s.a.)
January EU: 14.2 - Euro Area: 11.0
The next Business and Consumer Survey is due to be published on 27 February 2014.
Full tables are available on:
Scheduled publication dates
Remarque: en raison de la mise à jour annuelle des pondérations par pays et de l'inclusion de l’année 2013 dans l’échantillon de référence (1990-2013), les données ont été révisées en ce qui concerne les périodes antérieures. L’inclusion de l'année 2013 dans l’échantillon de référence aboutit à des révisions à la hausse de l'ESI au niveau agrégé de l’UE et de la zone euro.