Brussels, 27 March 2014
State Aid: Commission opens in-depth investigation into measures in favour of Trenitalia and other members of Ferrovie dello Stato group
The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to examine whether certain public service compensations and free asset transfers in the Italian rail freight transport market are in line with EU state aid rules. These measures benefit companies within the Ferrovie dello Stato group - the Italian railway incumbent – in particular its subsidiaries Trenitalia SpA and FS Logistica SpA. The Commission will examine if the measures conferred a selective economic advantage on Trenitalia or other companies within the group to the detriment of its competitors. The opening of an in-depth investigation gives interested third parties the opportunity to comment. It does not prejudge the outcome of the investigation.
In its in-depth investigation the Commission will assess allegations raised in two complaints concerning two distinct measures:
The Commission will now investigate both measures to verify whether its concerns are justified.
In 2000-2001, Italy reorganised its incumbent railway operator Ferrovie dello Stato SpA and created separate entities responsible for infrastructure management (RFI) and train operations (including Trenitalia SpA, active in both passenger and freight services, and FS Logistica SpA, active in logistics services in the freight sector, both wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Ferrovie dello Stato Group).
The Italian rail freight market is considered to be fully liberalised since 2003, and since 2007 also at EU level. Trenitalia and other members of Ferrovie dello Stato compete on the freight transport market at national and EU level with Italian as well as international railway companies. The measures at stake are therefore liable to distort competition between Member States.
The non-confidential version of the decision will be made available under case numbers SA.32953 and SA.32179 in the State Aid Register on the competition website once any confidentiality issues have been resolved. New publications of state aid decisions on the internet and in the Official Journal are listed in the State Aid Weekly e-News.