Brussels, 9 October 2014
EU-Jordan: a new partnership to better manage mobility and migration
The EU and Jordan have today officially established a Mobility Partnership. EU Commissioner for Home Affairs, Cecilia Malmström, Jordan's Foreign Minister Nasser Judeh, and the Ministers responsible for migration from the twelve EU Member States participating in this partnership (Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden) signed a Joint Declaration establishing a framework for future cooperation in the field of migration and mobility.
"This is a significant step towards greater cooperation between the EU, its Member States and Jordan and our Partnership aims to bring European and Jordanian citizens closer. The EU and Jordan will step up efforts to better prevent human trafficking and the smuggling of migrants while at the same time paving the way for the start of negotiations on an agreement to facilitate the procedures for the issuing of Schengen visas to citizens of Jordan. The Partnership will also support Jordan's remarkable efforts in providing stability and refuge in the region", said Commissioner Malmström in the margins of the Home Affairs Council in Luxembourg.
Through this partnership the EU and Jordan agree to ensure that the movement of persons is managed as effectively as possible, allowing for concrete actions to further improve the situation in the way migration, asylum and borders are dealt with. Strengthening efforts to derive all the potential benefits from migration and linking them to development is a key feature of the Partnership.
Measures should also be taken to improve the information available to qualified Jordanian citizens on employment, education and training opportunities available in the EU and also to make mutual recognition of professional and university qualifications easier.
Besides opening negotiations on an agreement for the readmission of irregular migrants, the EU and Jordan will begin negotiations on an agreement to facilitate the visa issuing procedures.
Jordan has been showing a true sense of responsibility and commitment to peace, democracy and human rights in the region and has been conducting a remarkable effort to lessen the impact of the humanitarian tragedy in Syria which deserves full EU support.
The Partnership should also help Jordan in further improving its capacity to deal with people in need of international protection and the actions that will be undertaken to implement it will build on or align with actions planned under the recently launched EU Regional Development and Protection Programme for the Middle East (Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq).
Background and key figures
The EU and Jordan began a Dialogue on Migration, Mobility and Security in December 2012 and negotiations on the Political Declaration for the EU-Jordan Mobility Partnership were finalised in June this year.
The Mobility Partnership with Jordan is the first of its kind with a country in the Middle East region. It follows the signature of such partnerships with other countries bordering the Mediterranean (i.e. Morocco in June 2013 and Tunisia in March 2014). Mobility Partnerships are also in place with the Republic of Moldova and Cape Verde (2008), with Georgia (2009), with Armenia (2011) and with Azerbaijan (2013).
Mobility Partnerships provide a flexible and non-legally binding framework for ensuring that the movement of people between the EU and a third country can be managed effectively. They form part of the global migration approach developed by the EU in recent years (IP/11/1369 and MEMO/11/800).
Citizens from Jordan are required to hold a visa when travelling to the Schengen Area.
41 940 requests for Schengen visas were submitted to consulates of Schengen countries in Jordan in 2013 (in 2012 the figure was 39 672). Germany received the most visa requests (8 426), followed by France (6 288) and Spain (5 297).
According to Eurostat data on residence permits, almost 21 000 Jordanian nationals were legally resident in the EU at the end of 2012, in particular in Germany (6 168), the UK (3 625) and Italy (2 922).
Joint declaration establishing the EU-Jordan Mobility Partnership
Cecilia Malmström's website
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DG Home Affairs website
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