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European Commission

Press release

Brussels, 17 July 2013

State aid: Commission opens in-depth inquiry into transfer of cable infrastructures to French telecom operator Numéricâble

The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to verify whether the transfer of public cable infrastructure between 2003 and 2006 by several French municipalities to the French Telecom operator Numéricâble was in line with EU state aid rules. As Numéricâble received the infrastructure for free, the transfers gave the company a huge economic advantage over its competitors and therefore constitute state aid. At this stage, the Commission has doubts that such aid could be found compatible with EU rules. The opening of an in-depth investigation gives interested third parties an opportunity to submit observations on the measure under assessment. It does not prejudge the outcome of the investigation.

A transfer of State property to a private company without appropriate compensation constitutes an economic advantage that competitors of that company do not have and therefore involves state aid in the meaning of the EU rules (Article 107 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The transfer of cable networks and ducts from an estimated number of 33 French municipalities to Numéricâble for free creates such an advantage and therefore involves state aid.

The Commission therefore needs to assess whether such aid can be found compatible with common EU rules that allow state support for certain objectives of common interest provided such support does not unduly distort competition in the internal market. At this stage, the Commission has doubts that such aid could be found compatible. The transfers do not constitute a Service of General Economic Interest (SGEI) because France has entrusted no public service obligation to Numéricâble. Furthermore, these transfers do not appear to further any objective of common interest in a proportional manner, while they have a high potential of distorting competition with other operators in the same area.

The Commission will now investigate further whether all municipalities have transferred cable infrastructure on the same terms. The Commission also needs more information to establish the economic value of the networks and the ducts concerned.


Numéricâble is a cable television operator owned by the holding YPSO. By some mergers and acquisitions, Numéricâble became the first cable network operator in France. According to its own data, Numéricâble controls 99.6% of the French cable network.

Numéricâble is a very important player in the deployment of "next generation access" (NGA) networks, considered by the press and reports as "leader du très haut débit en France". The company took advantage of its cable network already deployed by replacing the cable and installing FTTB (fibre to the building).

Until now, it is estimated that the following municipalities have transferred the cable infrastructures: Blanzat, Bourbonne Les Bains, Cannet, Cheval Blanc, Cognac, Conflans Sainte Honorine, Desvres, Erstein, Figeac, Firminy, Goussainville, Grand Roanne, Granges Narboz, Graveson, Jassans Riottier, Laon, Le Cheylard, Mandelieu, Massieux, Morhange, Pernes Les Fontaines, Pontarlier, Rognonas, Sacra Sabalfa, Saint-Claude, Saint-Junien, Salon De Provence, Sarlat La Canéda, Tignes, Veynes, Villefranche Sur Saône, Villeréal, Viry Châtillon.

The non-confidential version of the decision will be made available under the case number SA.27543 in the State Aid Register on the DG Competition website once any confidentiality issues have been resolved. New publications of state aid decisions on the internet and in the Official Journal are listed in the State Aid Weekly e-News.

Contacts :

Antoine Colombani (+32 2 297 45 13 Twitter: @ECspokesAntoine )

Marisa Gonzalez Iglesias (+32 2 295 19 25)

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