Chemin de navigation

Left navigation

Additional tools

European Commission

Press release

Brussels, 6 March 2013

International Women’s Day: Zero tolerance for female genital mutilation

Ahead of International Women’s Day on 8 March, European Commission Vice-President Viviane Reding and Commissioner Cecilia Malmström have today joined human rights campaigners to call for zero tolerance for female genital mutilation (FGM). The Commission organised a high-level roundtable event to discuss how the European Union can help Member States to eradicate the practice – thought to have affected several hundred thousand women in the EU. The Commissioners were joined by Members of the European Parliament and the world’s leading anti-FGM campaigners, including ‘desert flower’ Waris Dirie, Khady Koita and Chantal Compaoré – First Lady of Burkina Faso.

In parallel, today the Commission launched a public consultation calling for views on how best to develop measures at EU level to fight female genital mutilation. The consultation will run until 30 May 2013. The Commission has also announced EUR 3.7 million in funding to support Member States' activities to raise awareness of violence against women and a further EUR 11.4 million for NGOs and others working with victims.

Today the European Commission is joining forces with some very inspiring women to call for zero tolerance for female genital mutilation. This is an extremely harmful practice which violates the human rights of women and girls. The EU will fight to end female genital mutilation – not only on International Women's Day, but on all 365 days of the year,” said Vice-President Reding, the EU’s Justice Commissioner."I call on everyone with an insight in this area to share their views on how to best tackle female genital mutilation."

"Female genital mutilation is a severe violation of human rights. The risk of being subjected to this practice should constitute a valid reason for granting asylum or humanitarian protection. In our asylum legislation, we are paying particular attention to women and girls who are seeking asylum due to the threat of physical mutilation. Women and girls who are at risk of female genital mutilation, or parents who fear persecution because they refuse to have their child undergo this practice should be given suitable protection in Europe," said Cecilia Malmström, EU Commissioner for Home Affairs.

New report on FGM

Today's high-level roundtable discussion on FGM comes as the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) releases a new report on female genital mutilation in the EU, following a request by Vice-President Reding. The report concludes that FGM is by nature a global, transnational phenomenon. While there is no hard evidence of FGM being practised in the EU, thousands of women and girls living in the EU have been subjected to the practice either before moving to the EU or while travelling outside the EU.

The report finds that there are victims, or potential victims, in at least 13 EU countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Spain, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden and the UK. However, it also highlights the need for rigorous data as a basis for tackling the problem.

Eradicating FGM will require a range of actions focusing on data collection, prevention, protection of girls at risk, prosecution of perpetrators and provision of services for victims, says the report. Victims of FGM can rely on protection under the EU’s Victims Rights Directive, adopted on 4 October 2012, which explicitly refers to FGM as a form of gender-based violence (IP/12/1066).

But while all EU Member States and Croatia have legal provisions in place to prosecute the perpetrators of FGM, either under general or specific criminal laws, prosecutions are very rare. This is due to diffculties detecting cases, gathering sufficient evidence, a reluctance to report a crime and, above all, a lack of knowledge about female genital mutilation.

EIGE has therefore also published a report identifying a series of good practices from nine Member States in combating FGM. The report gives examples of successful policies and projects, including:

  • A Dutch project to prevent FGM by bringing together healthcare professionals, police, schools, child protection services and migrant organisations;

  • A French organisation which focuses on bringing prosecutions in cases of FGM by acting as a ‘civil party’ in trials;

  • A specialised health service in the UK with 15 clinics that cater to the specific needs of women affected by FGM.

Background

Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons, as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

FGM is carried out for cultural, religious and/or social reasons on young girls between infancy and age 15. FGM constitutes a form of child abuse and violence against women and girls; it has severe short-term and long-term physical and psychological consequences.

In the EU countries where women victims or girls and women at risk of FGM live, the practice mainly occurs during a stay in the country of origin and very rarely in the territory of the EU.

The Commission adopted a ‘Strategy for equality between women and men 2010-2015’ on 21 September 2010, setting out a series of priorities for gender equality, including ending gender-based violence. The strategy included a specific reference to female genital mutilation. On 6 February 2013 which is the International Day against Female Genital Mutilation, the European Commission reaffirmed its strong commitment to eradicating this extremely harmful practice (MEMO/13/67).

For more information

European Commission – Ending gender-based violence:

http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-violence

Report by the European Institute for Gender Equality – Female genital mutilation in the EU & Croatia

National factsheets by the European Institute for Gender Equality – Female genital mutilation in the EU & Croatia

Public consultation –

http://ec.europa.eu/justice/newsroom/gender-equality/opinion/130306_en.htm

Homepage of Vice-President Viviane Reding, EU Justice Commissioner:

http://ec.europa.eu/reding

Facebook: Send your 'Zero Tolerance Photos':

COMM-SOCIAL-MEDIA-TEAM@ec.europa.eu

Twitter Hashtag: #zeroFGM

Contacts :

Mina Andreeva (+32 2 299 13 82)

Michele Cercone (+32 2 298 09 63)

Natasha Bertaud (+32 2 296 74 56)

Tove Ernst (+32 2 298 67 64)

Annex 1: Estimated number of women victims, potential victims, and girls at risk of FGM (where studies are available)

Country

Criminal law provisions against FGM

Estimated no. of women with FGM (date of study)

Estimated no. of girls at risk of FGM

Estimated no. of women from FGM-affected regions living in the EU (where no FGM-specific data is available)

Belgium

Specific

6,260 (2011)

1,975

Bulgaria

General

No data available

No data available

Czech Republic

General

No data available

No data available

Denmark

Specific

No data available

No data available

15,116

Germany

General

19,000 (2007)

4,000

Estonia

General

No data available

No data available

Ireland

Specific

3,170 (2011)

No data available

Greece

General

1,239 (2006)

No data available

Spain

Specific

No data available

No data available

30,439

France

General

61,000 (2007)

No data available

Italy

Specific

35,000 (2009)

1,000

Cyprus

Specific

No data available

No data available

1,500

Latvia

General

No data available

No data available

Lithuania

General

No data available

No data available

Luxembourg

General

No data available

No data available

Hungary

General

170-350 (2012)

No data available

Malta

General

No data available

No data available

Netherlands

General

29,210 (2013)

40-50 each year

Austria

Specific

8,000 (2000)

No data available

Poland

General

No data available

No data available

Portugal

General

No data available

No data available

9,263

Romania

General

No data available

No data available

Slovenia

General

No data available

No data available

Slovakia

General

No data available

No data available

Finland

General

No data available

No data available

4,400

Sweden

Specific

No data available

No data available

91,420

UK

General

65,790 (2007)

30,000

Croatia

Specific

No data available

No data available

Source: EIGE: Female genital mutilation in the European Union and Croatia, except from the Netherlands: Marja Exterkate - Female Genital Mutilation in the Netherlands. Prevalence, incidence and determinants (2013)

Annex 2: Support organisations for victims of FGM in the Member States

Name of the organisation

Country

Website

Beratungsstelle für sexuell missbrauchte Mädchen und junge Frauen

Austria

http://www.maedchenberatung.at/

MAIZ - Autonomes Integrationszentrum von und für Migrantinnen

Austria

http://www.maiz.at/

Miteinander Lernen - Birlikte Öğrenelim

Austria

http://www.miteinlernen.at

Netzwerk österreichischer Frauen- &
M
ädchenberatungsstellen

Austria

http://www.frauenberatenfrauen.at/

Verein Orient-Express -
Beratungs-, Bildungs- und Kulturinitiative für Frauen

Austria

www.orientexpress-wien.com

Viele - Verein für interkulturellen Ansatz in Erziehung, Lernen und Entwicklung

Austria

http://www.verein-viele.at

ZEBRA Zentrum zur sozialmedizinischen, rechtlichen und kulturellen Betreuung von Ausländern und Ausländerinnen in Österreich

Austria

http://zebra.or.at

Groupe pour l'Abolition des Mutilations Sexuelle féminines asbl (GAMS)

Belgium

www.gams.be

INTACT

Belgium

www.intact-association.org

INTACT

Belgium

www.intact-association.org

Български център за джендър изследвания

Bulgaria

www.bgrf.org

Unit for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture, Humanitarian Affairs Unit of Future Worlds Center

Cyprus

http://www.urvt.org/

Asante Kenya, nadační fond.

Czech Republic

www.asantekenya

Amnesty International Denmark

Denmark

www.amnesty.dk

Femmes de la terre

France

www.femmesdelaterre.org

Tostan France

France

www.tostanfrance.com

Frauenrecht is Menschenrecht

Germany

www.fim-frauenrecht.de

Aktion Weißes Friedensband e.v.nein nein

Germany

www.friedensband.de

Amnesty International Deutschland

Germany

www.amnesty.de

Deutsches Netzwerk zur Überwindung weiblicher Genitalverstümmelung

Germany

www.netzwerk-integra.de

Internationale Aktion gegen die Beschneidung von Mädchen und Frauen e.V.

Germany

www.intact-ev.de

Terre des Femmes - Menschenrechte für Frauen e.V.

Germany

www.frauenrechte.de

Stop Mutilation e.V. - Gegen die Beschneidung von Mädchen und Frauen in Europa und Afrika

Germany

www.stop-mutilation.org

Target e.V., Ruediger Nehbarg

Germany

www.target-nehberg.de

AkiDwA : Akina Dada Wa Africa

Ireland

www.akidwa.ie

Irish Refugee Council

Ireland

http://www.irishrefugeecouncil.ie/

Somali Human Rights Advocacy Group in Ireland

Ireland

Vincentian Refugee Centre

Ireland

http://www.vrc.ie/

Fundacja Inicjatyw Psychospołecznych (suspended)

Poland

www.fundacjafip.org.pl (not valid any longer)

Associação Para o Planeamento da Família

Portugal

www.apf.pt

Associação Portuguesa de Apoio à Vítima

Portugal

http://www.apav.pt

Instituto Marquês Valle Flor

Portugal

http://www.imvf.org/

Associação de Mulheres Contra a Violência

Portugal

www.amcv.org.pt

Africa Advocacy Foundation

United Kingdom

http://www.a-af.org/

Birmingham & Solihull Women’s Aid

United Kingdom

http://www.bswaid.org/

Black Association of Women Step Out

United Kingdom

www.bawso.org.uk

Child Rights Information Network

United Kingdom

www.crin.org

Daughters of Eve

United Kingdom

http://www.dofeve.org/

Equality Now

United Kingdom/Kenya/USA

http://www.equalitynow.org

FGM National Clinical Group

United Kingdom

http://www.fgmnationalgroup.org/contact_us.htm

Manor Gardens Centre

United Kingdom

www.manorgardenscentre.org

Southall Community Alliance

United Kingdom

http://southallcommunityalliance.org/

WomenKind World Wide

United Kingdom

http://www.womankind.org.uk

Source: EIGE


Side Bar

Mon compte

Gérez vos recherches et notifications par email


Aidez-nous à améliorer ce site