Brussels, 27 February 2013
Equal Pay Day: Women in Europe work 59 days ‘for free’
16.2%: that’s the size of the gender pay gap, or the average difference between women and men’s hourly earnings across the EU, according to the latest figures released today by the European Commission. The news comes ahead of the 2013 European Equal Pay Day on 28 February. The EU-wide event marks the extra number of days that women would need to work to match the amount earned by men: currently 59 days, meaning this year the day falls on 28 February. To help tackle the pay gap, the Commission is highlighting a series of good practices by companies in Europe which have taken on the problem. It is the third time the Equal Pay Day takes place at European level, following its launch by the Commission on 5 March 2011 (see IP/11/255) and the second day on 2 March 2012 (see IP/12/211).
"European Equal Pay Day reminds us of the unequal pay conditions women still face in the labour market. While the pay gap has declined in the recent years, there’s no reason to celebrate. The pay gap is still very large and much of the change actually resulted from a decline in men’s earnings rather than an increase for women”, said Vice-President Viviane Reding, the EU's Justice Commissioner. "The principle of equal pay for equal work is written in the EU Treaties since 1957. It is high time that it is put in practice everywhere. Let us work together to deliver results not only on Equal Pay Days, but on all 365 days a year!"
The latest figures show an average 16.2% gender pay gap in 2010 across the European Union. They confirm a slight downward trend in recent years, when the figure was around 17% or higher the previous years.
The declining trend in the pay gap can be explained by the impact of the economic downturn on different sectors, whereby sectors dominated by male workers (such as the construction or engineering sector) have seen bigger drops in earnings overall. The change is therefore not generally due to improvements in pay and working conditions for women. At the same time, the share of men working part-time or under less well-paid conditions has increased in recent years.
The Commission wants to support employers in their efforts to tackle the gender pay gap. The "Equality Pays Off" project aims to make companies more aware of the "business case" for gender equality and equal pay. With the challenges of demographic change and increasing skill shortages, the initiative aims to provide companies with better access to the labour force potential of women. It includes training activities, events and tools for companies to address the pay gap. The project also aims to help reach the Europe 2020 Strategy target of raising the employment rate to 75% - for which greater participation of women in the labour market is essential.
Examples of good practices by companies seeking to tackle the pay gap include:
One of the events under the "Equality Pays Off" project is a "Business Forum" on 21 March 2013 in Brussels for 150 companies from all over Europe to exchange experiences in fostering gender equality, in particular tackling the causes of the gender pay gap.
The Commission is currently preparing a report on the application of the Equal Pay Directive 2006/54/EC. The report will focus in particular on assessing the application of the provisions on equal pay in practice. It will include an overview of the landmark EU case-law on equal pay. It will also include non-binding guidance on gender-neutral job evaluation and job classification systems. The report is scheduled for adoption in summer of 2013.
The Commission wants to strengthen collaboration with the Member States that organise their own national equal pay days. Member States’ representatives and stakeholders involved in the organisation of these equal pay days will have the opportunity to discuss this issue in an exchange of good practices which will be held in June 2013 in Estonia.
For more information
Homepage of Vice-President Viviane Reding, EU Justice Commissioner:
European Commission – Gender pay gap:
Gender pay gap statistics
Source: Eurostat 2010, except for Greece: 2008