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Bruxelles, le 30 octobre 2012
Octobre 2012 : le climat économique se détériore dans la zone euro mais reste stable dans l'UE
En octobre, l'indicateur du climat économique (ESI) est resté stable à 86,2 dans l'UE et a baissé de 0,7 point dans la zone euro pour s'établir à 84,5. Dans l'UE, les fortes baisses dans les secteurs de l'industrie et de la construction ont été compensées par les améliorations dans les secteurs des services et du commerce de détail. La confiance des consommateurs demeure globalement inchangée. Dans la zone euro, l'amélioration du secteur du commerce de détail n'a pas permis de compenser les fortes baisses de l'industrie et de la construction, tandis que les niveaux de confiance des consommateurs et du secteur des services restent stables en général. Dans l'ensemble, la diminution de l'ESI a ralenti dans les deux zones depuis septembre et a même cessé dans l'UE en octobre. Si le climat économique s’est dégradé dans la majorité des États membres, seuls trois des sept plus grands pays de l’UE sont concernés: l'ESI a diminué en Pologne (‑2,8), en France (‑1,8) et en Allemagne (‑1,4). En revanche, il a continué de progresser, comme le mois précédent, au Royaume-Uni (+5,2) et en Espagne (+1,8) et a augmenté légèrement aux Pays-Bas (+0,8) et en Italie (+0,5).
Economic sentiment indicator (s.a.)
October EU: 86.2 - Euro Area: 84.5
Confidence in industry continued the downward trend reported since March. The confidence indicator decreased by 1.2 points in the EU and 2.1 points in the euro area. In both regions, the decline is mostly due to a much more negative assessment of the current level of overall order books. In the euro area also the other two components (production expectations and stocks of finished products) worsened, while in the EU, managers' production expectations remained broadly stable and their assessment of stocks of finished products improved. In both areas managers' assessment of their companies' past production and current level of export order books deteriorated markedly, too. Confidence in services improved in the EU (+0.7) and remained broadly unchanged in the euro area. In both areas, managers' demand expectations improved while their assessment of past business situation remained broadly unchanged. Views on past demand improved in the EU as well, but deteriorated in the euro area. Confidence in retail trade picked up in both the EU (+2.4) and the euro area (+1.1). In both areas, the present business situation and the development of the current volume of stocks were viewed more positively, while the assessment of the expected business situation improved in the EU but declined in the euro area. Confidence in the construction sector decreased in both the EU (-2.6) and the euro area (-1.2). In the EU, the decrease was attributable to a more negative assessment of both order books and employment expectations. In the euro area views on the first component remained broadly stable.
In both regions, employment plans were further revised downwards by retail trade and construction managers. In the industry and services sectors employment plans were revised upwards in the EU, but downwards in the euro area. Selling price expectations decreased or remained stable in all sectors but industry, where managers expect price increases.
Consumer confidence remained broadly stable in both the EU (-0.3) and the euro area (+0.2). While consumers in both areas viewed the future general economic situation less pessimistically, their unemployment expectations worsened. In the EU, consumers' expectations about their households' financial situation and their savings over the next 12 months remained broadly unchanged, while both improved in the euro area.
Confidence in financial services, which is not included in the ESI, increased strongly in both the EU (+8.7) and the euro area (+7.4). The increases were driven by markedly improved assessments of the past business situation, past demand and demand expectations.
In the quarterly survey of the manufacturing industry, carried out in October, industrial managers in the EU and the euro area reported no changes in the number of months of production assured by orders on hand compared with the previous survey carried out in July. However, their assessment of new orders and export volume expectations decreased markedly. Managers' appraisal of their competitive position on foreign markets outside the EU remained broadly stable in the EU and improved slightly in the euro area. The balance of managers reporting more than sufficient, rather than insufficient, production capacity increased further. Accordingly, capacity utilisation decreased, to 77.3% in the EU and 76.8% in the euro area.
Industrial confidence indicator (s.a.)
October EU: -15.6 - Euro Area: -18.0
Service confidence indicator (s.a.)
October EU: -11.8 - Euro Area: -12.1
Consumer confidence indicator (s.a.)
October EU: -24.3 - Euro Area: -25.7
Retail trade confidence indicator (s.a.)
October EU: -12.8 - Euro Area: -17.4
Construction confidence indicator (s.a.)
October EU: -35.5 - Euro Area: -33.0
Financial services confidence indicator (n.s.a.)
October EU: 1.3 - Euro Area: -3.7
The next Business and Consumer Survey is due to be published on 29 November 2012.
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