Brussels, 7 March 2011
Commissioner Piebalgs launches programmes worth €39 million to support Timor-Leste on its way to stable democracy and sustainable development
Timor-Leste, while still a fragile state, has made impressive progress since its independence in 2002, emerging from a violent past and overcome dramatic challenges. European Commissioner for Development, Andris Piebalgs will visit Timor-Leste from 7 until 10 March to confirm EU support to the country and the determination to assist Timor-Leste in climbing up the development ladder. He will sign a package of four strategic programmes for a total amount of €39 million to support democratic governance, development of the rural areas, and the role of civil society. The Commissioner will meet with President and Nobel Peace Prize winner Jose Ramos-Horta. He will also hold meetings with key government members, the President of the National Parliament, the leader of the main opposition party, United Nations representatives and civil society organisations.
Ahead of his visit, EU Commissioner for Development Andris Piebalgs said: "The example of Timor-Leste shows that when cooperation aid meets responsible democratic governance, this puts the country on the right tracks towards stability and sustainable development. Timor Leste has made impressive progress and is now among the ten fastest growing economies in the world. Nevertheless, many challenges still stand and the EU remains firmly by Timor-Leste side, as a supporter of future progress."
Overall, Timor-Leste has achieved many successes: establish good relations with its regional neighbours, strengthen its young democracy, manage its oil/gas revenues prudently and achieve important progress namely as regards poverty reduction ( by 9% in only 2 years). Although it is still a fragile state faced with several difficulties such as high poverty levels (40%), food insecurity and youth unemployment.
Signing of Financing Agreements
On 8 March, Commissioner Piebalgs together with Timor-Leste's Minister of Finance Emilia Pires, will sign four so-called Financing Agreements, amounting to €39 million. These strategic programmes are:
It is envisaged that the Commissioner will visit several projects co-financed by the European Union in the district of Covalima. The projects aim at building capacity at central and district levels, improving agricultural productivity and rehabilitating rural infrastructure, including irrigation schemes and roads.
The Republic of Timor-Leste is one of the youngest countries in the world: It gained independence in 2002 after a 24-year period of conflict under Indonesian rule. Timor ranks 120th out of 169 countries (Human Development Report 2010) and now belongs to the "medium development" category, thus having moved up from 162nd ("low human development") out of 182 countries in 2009. The EU is one of the main donors in Timor-Leste, having made a significant contribution to the development of this country since 1999. The focus of funding (10th EDF) is on rural development, health, institutional capacity building and support to non-state actors, but also – via the Instrument for Stability – on the reform of the security sector and the reduction of factors feeding instability. Other interventions cover the areas of food security, water and sanitation, energy and support to civil society. €328 million have been provided to Timor-Leste since 1999. The European Union as a whole, including Member States and the Commission, has contributed close to half of the total global assistance to Timor-Leste since 1999 (around €900 million).
Website of the European External Action Service on the EU relations with Timor-Leste
Website of the European Commissioner for Development, Andris Piebalgs: