European Commission - Press release
Guimarães and Maribor: European Capitals of Culture in 2012
Brussels, 30 December 2011 - Guimarães (Portugal) and Maribor (Slovenia) take over the title of European Capitals of Culture 2012 on 1 January. Both cities have a busy calendar of events planned for the year, with the aim of showcasing themselves to the world and building a lasting legacy for their citizens. The official programme of events begins on 13 January in Maribor and 21 January in Guimarães.
Androulla Vassiliou, the European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth, said: "Both cities have prepared a rich cultural programme for the year, which will appeal as much to local people as to visitors. Even in a tough economic climate, the European Capital of Culture title is a superb opportunity to boost a city's long-term development through culture, to increase tourism and jobs, and to create a lot of positive and creative energy. This EU initiative has been a great success since its creation 25 years ago and I'm sure Guimarães and Maribor will continue that tradition. I wish both 2012 Capitals of Culture a wonderful year!"
The official launch of Maribor 2012 will take place over the weekend of 13-15 January, with music, theatre and dance performances. Numerous and varied cultural events, combining traditional and innovative approaches, from carnival to contemporary dance, are planned throughout the year. Young audiences will be a particular focus of the events.
Guimarães will open its festivities on Saturday 21 January with a theatre and multimedia open-air show. Its programme for the year focuses on four themes: City, Community, Thought and Arts.
Representatives from Tallinn (Estonia) and Turku (Finland), the 2011 European Capitals of Culture, will attend the launch events in both cities to pass over the baton to the 2012 Capitals.
Organisation and funding of the European Capitals of Culture are principally the responsibility of the cities and Member States concerned.
The European Commission has contributed with a €1.5 million grant to each city. Known as the Melina Mercouri Prize after the Greek Culture Minister who inspired the initiative, the grant is awarded on the basis that the city's cultural programme meets three criteria: it highlights the European dimension, fosters the participation of the public, and is an integral part of the long-term cultural and social development of the city.
The European Capital of Culture title is an excellent opportunity for cities to improve or even transform their image, to put themselves on the world map, and rethink their development through culture. The title has a long-term impact, not only on culture but also in social and economic terms, both for the city and for the surrounding region. For example, a study1 has shown that the number of tourists staying for at least one night increased by 12% on average compared with the year before the city held the title; this figure was as high as 25% for Liverpool in 2008 and Sibiu (Romania) in 2007.
The current rules and conditions for hosting the title are set out in a 2006 decision (1622/2006/EC) of the European Parliament and Council of Ministers.
Following Guimarães and Maribor in 2012, the future European Capitals of Culture will be Marseille (France) and Košice (Slovakia) in 2013, Umeå (Sweden) and Riga (Latvia) in 2014, and Mons (Belgium) and Plzeň (Czech Republic) in 2015.
For more information:
European Cities and Capitals of Culture by Palmer/Rae Associates: http://ec.europa.eu/culture/key-documents/doc926_en.htm