European Commission - Press release
Climate change: Enhancing EU rules for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions
Brussels, 23 November 2011 – Timely and accurate data on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is vital for knowing whether the EU and its Member States are on track to meet their emission targets and for developing robust new policies to address the climate challenge. The European Commission today proposed legislation to significantly enhance the monitoring and reporting of GHG emissions, in particular to meet new requirements arising from the package of EU climate and energy laws for the period 2013-2020.
Connie Hedegaard, European Commissioner for Climate Action, said: "By improving transparency, coordination and the quality of data reported, today's proposal contributes to keep better track of our progress towards meeting our emissions targets. This proposal will also help monitor and report emissions from land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF), aviation and maritime transport amongst other sectors. We hope that these new rules will also set an example in the context of the international climate negotiations and serve as a benchmark for transparency of climate action by developed countries."
The EU and Member States already cooperate to monitor and report GHG emissions under the terms of a Decision adopted in 2004. 1 They produce annual GHG inventories which are used to assess progress towards meeting Kyoto Protocol emission targets. They also gather and publish information on GHG projections and on their policies and measures to reduce emissions.
The current rules are largely based on the requirements arising from the Kyoto Protocol. The proposed new Regulation enhances this monitoring and reporting mechanism in line with the requirements of the 2009 climate and energy package. It goes a step beyond Kyoto in providing greater transparency in the data and information provided and ensuring compliance with the EU's climate change commitments.
The main objectives of the proposed revision are to:
The revision of the Monitoring Mechanism will cover the monitoring and reporting of emissions by national authorities. It requires approval by the Council and European Parliament to become law. Specific monitoring and reporting provisions for companies related to emissions from installations covered by the EU ETS are being introduced through separate implementing legislation
See also Q & A MEMO/11/816
Decision No 280/2004/EC concerning a mechanism for monitoring Community greenhouse gas emissions and for implementing the Kyoto Protocol .