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IP/10/659

Bryssel, 2. kesäkuuta 2010

Ilmastonmuutos: Komissaari Hedegaard on tyytyväinen EU:n kasvihuonekaasupäästöjen vähenemiseen jo viidentenä vuonna peräkkäin

Euroopan ympäristökeskus julkaisi tänään EU:n viimeisimmän kasvihuonekaasuinventaarion, joka osoittaa, että päästöt vähenivät merkittävästi jälleen vuonna 2008, joka on Kioton pöytäkirjan ensimmäisen velvoitekauden ensimmäinen vuosi. Ilmastotoimista vastaava komissaari Connie Hedegaard pitää näitä tietoja hyvinä. Päästöt ovat näin vähentyneet jo viidentenä peräkkäisenä vuotena. Päästöinventaarin tiedot ovat vuodelta 2008, joka on viimeisin vuosi, jolta on saatavilla täydelliset tiedot. Niistä käy ilmi, että EU15-maiden päästöt vähenivät 1,9 prosenttia vuoden 2007 päästöihin verrattuna, vaikka talous kasvoi 0,6 prosenttia. Tämä vähennys merkitsee sitä, että EU15-maiden päästöt ovat 6,9 prosenttia pienemmät kuin perusvuosien päästöt (useimmissa tapauksissa perusvuosi on vuosi 1990). EU15-maat ovat näin ollen etenemässä hyvin kohti Kioton pöytäkirjan tavoitetta, joka on päästöjen vähentäminen vuosina 2008–2012 keskimäärin 8 prosenttia alhaisemmiksi kuin perusvuoden päästöt. EU27-maiden päästöt vähenivät 2 prosenttia vuoden 1990 tasosta. Näiden maiden vähennykset ovat nyt kokonaisuudessaan 11,3 prosenttia vuoden 1990 tasoista.

Komissaari Hedegaard sanoi: ”Vuoden 2012 jälkeistä aikaa koskevasta maailmanlaajuisesta ilmastosopimuksesta käytävät neuvottelut jatkuvat. On erittäin tärkeää, että EU voi osoittaa täyttävänsä Kioton sitoumuksensa. Viimeisten viiden vuoden aikana saavuttamamme merkittävät päästövähennykset osoittavat selkeästi sitovien tavoitteiden arvon. Vuosi 2008 oli kuitenkin vasta Kioton velvoitekauden ensimmäinen vuosi, joten kaikkien jäsenvaltioiden on pyrittävä edelleen varmistamaan, että ne saavuttavat vuosille 2008–2012 asetetut tavoitteensa.”

Hän lisäsi: ”Vuoden 2008 vähennykset eivät johdu ainoastaan talouskriisistä, vaan ne ovat myös niiden monien kunnianhimoisten toimintapolitiikkojen ansiota, jotka EU ja sen jäsenvaltiot ovat vuosien varrella panneet täytäntöön ja joiden vaikutukset ovat yhä selvempiä. Sitoumuksemme vähentää EU:n päästöjä vähintään 20 prosentilla vuoteen 2020 mennessä verrattuna vuoden 1990 tasoihin ja 80–95 prosentilla vuoteen 2050 mennessä tarkoittaa, että siirtymistä vähähiiliseen talouteen on jatkettava ja että sitä jatketaan.”

Päästöt vähenevät talouden kasvusta huolimatta

EU15-maiden päästöt vähenivät vuosina 2007–2008 1,9 prosenttia talouskasvun ollessa 0,6 prosenttia. Tällä EU on osoittanut jälleen, että talouskasvu ja vähähiilinen kehitys eivät ole toisiaan poissulkevia asioita.

EU27-maiden päästöt vähenivät 2 prosenttia vuoteen 2007 verrattuna. Ne ovat näin ollen 11,3 prosenttia alle vuoden 1990 tasojen ja 14,3 prosenttia alle perusvuoden tason (perusvuosi ei kaikilla ole vuosi 1990).

Kioton pöytäkirjassa ei ole EU27-ryhmää koskevia päästötavoitteita, koska EU12-maat eivät olleet kyseisenä ajankohtana jäsenvaltioita. Kaikilla EU12-mailla, Kyprosta ja Maltaa lukuun ottamatta, on kuitenkin erilliset Kioton velvoitteet vähentää päästöjä 6–8 prosenttia alle perusvuoden tasojen.

EU:n päästökauppajärjestelmään kuuluvien laitosten todennetut päästöt vuonna 2008 olivat yhteensä 2,12 miljardia hiilidioksidiekvivalenttitonnia, mikä vastaa noin 43 prosenttia EU:n kokonaispäästöistä. Vuonna 2008 päästökauppajärjestelmän päästöt olivat 3,06 prosenttia alhaisemmat kuin vuonna 2007. (Päästökauppajärjestelmän päästöt vähenivät vuonna 2009 edelleen 11,6 prosenttia, ks. tiedote IP/10/576).

Euroopan ympäristökeskuksen kokoamat tiedot on toimitettu Yhdistyneiden Kansakuntien ilmastonmuutosta koskevalle puitesopimukselle.

Lisätietoja:

Euroopan ympäristökeskuksen verkkosivut: www.eea.europa.eu

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