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Emissions trading: EU ETS emissions fall more than 11% in 2009

Commission Européenne - IP/10/576   18/05/2010

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IP/10/576

Brussels, 18 May 2010

Emissions trading: EU ETS emissions fall more than 11% in 2009

Emissions of greenhouse gases from EU businesses participating in the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) fell 11.6 % in 2009 compared with a 2008, according to the information provided by Member State registries.

Climate Action Commissioner Connie Hedegaard said: "Due to the crisis the significant drop in emissions does not come as a surprise. The EU has a functioning trading system driving emission reductions even during a recession. We should not hide that the recession has significantly weakened the price signal. The carbon market can and should be a stronger driver for low-carbon investments. And we must also realise that because of the crisis it suddenly became easier to reduce emissions and that is good. Unfortunately that also means that European business did not invest nearly as much as planned in innovation,   which could harm our future ability to compete on promising markets."

2009 emissions data

Verified emissions of greenhouse gases from all installations in the EU ETS in 2009 totalled 1.873 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent. 2009 were about 11.6 % lower than the 2008 level.

The drop in emissions is in line with widely held expectations and analyst forecasts provided months ahead of the data release. It is attributed to several factors. Firstly, the reduced economic activity as a result of the recession and secondly, the low level of gas prices throughout 2009 which has made it much more attractive to produce power from gas rather than more emitting coal. Furthermore, the carbon price in phase 2 (2008-2012) of the EU ETS has surely also resulted in companies changing behaviour and reducing emissions.

High level of compliance

Of all the installations participating in the scheme last year, 2 % did not surrender the required quantity of allowances by the deadline of 1 May 2010. These installations are typically small and together they account for less than 2% of emission captured in the EU ETS.

3% of the installations failed to submit verified emissions for the year 2009 before 1 May 2010.

Continued but limited use of international credits

Since 2008 it is possible for installations to surrender international emission reduction credits generated through the Kyoto Protocol’s flexible mechanisms1 in order to offset part of their emissions. In 2009, CERs accounted for 4,1% of all surrenders. 52% of these originated in China, 21% in India, 14% in South Korea and 9% in Brazil, with a further 19 countries of origin accounting for the remaining 4%.

ERUs accounted for only 0.17% of all surrenders. The combined CER and ERU surrenders used up since 2008 only roughly 12% of the approximately 1.4 billion credits that are allowed over the 2008-2012 trading period.

Total surrenders for 2009 emissions

1.923.221.174

100,0%

CERs and ERUs

81.975.108

4,3%

Allowances allocated for free or allowances purchased at auction

1.841.246.066

95,7%

Background

The second trading period of the EU ETS began on 1 January 2008 and runs for five years until 31 December 2012. This period coincides with the period during which industrialised countries must meet their Kyoto Protocol emission targets. The EU ETS will be substantially reformed for the third trading period, which will start on 1 January 2013 and run until 2020. The legislation revising the Emissions Trading Directive was adopted as part of the EU climate and energy package on 23 April 2009 (IP/09/628).

Under the EU ETS, installations are required to submit their verified emissions data for each year to Member State registries. For 2009 this data became publicly available on the Community Independent Transaction Log (CITL) on 1 April 2010. From 15 May onwards the CITL also displays compliance data, with information on whether installations have complied with their obligations to surrender an amount of allowances equal to last year's verified emissions.

Further information:

The CITL homepage

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ets/

The registries homepage of DG Climate Action on EUROPA

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/citl_en.htm

The revised ETS and Frequently Asked Questions

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/ets_post2012_en.htm

Annex

MS

Allocation

Verified Emission (1)

Year 2008

Year 2009

Year 2008

Year 2009

No of Installations

Austria

30.151.582

31.864.806

32.003.648

27.283.950

222

Belgium

55.384.483

56.797.576

55.463.954

46.206.938

357

Bulgaria

38.300.672

40.578.499

38.300.733

31.997.215

141

Cyprus(2)

4.815.089

4.815.090

5.576.646

84.286

13

Czech Rep

85.559.188

85.902.427

80.400.465

73.757.440

421

Germany

388.770.697

392.298.971

472.662.443

428.180.008

1971

Denmark

23.983.428

23.912.314

26.545.260

25.461.030

403

Estonia

11.678.257

11.855.527

13.540.891

10.322.875

54

Spain

154.049.240

150.990.564

163.455.464

136.931.407

1108

Finland

36.530.616

37.071.449

36.163.675

34.289.536

649

France

129.568.044

128.665.409

124.083.131

111.072.187

1122

UK

214.273.292

217.028.432

265.064.061

231.936.035

1125

Greece

63.685.092

63.246.705

69.853.893

63.661.572

157

Hungary

25.044.006

23.917.066

27.236.610

22.401.259

265

Ireland

19.971.011

19.971.563

20.381.722

17.215.223

122

Italy

211.752.175

203.972.455

220.661.994

184.799.623

1124

Liechtenstein(2)

21.102

19.497

19.883

13.379

2

Lithuania

7.509.636

7.573.712

6.103.720

5.786.742

114

Luxemburg

2.488.229

2.488.229

2.098.895

2.181.694

15

Latvia

2.938.649

3.532.491

2.742.918

2.489.797

112

Malta

2.107.837

2.121.453

2.018.585

1.897.113

2

Netherlands

76.756.732

83.834.170

83.510.582

81.069.057

437

Norway

7.529.474

7.957.234

19.342.244

19.216.690

115

Poland

200.957.640

200.957.640

204.107.419

190.970.170

932

Portugal

30.496.609

30.505.835

29.930.079

28.260.550

278

Romania

71.582.795

73.711.219

64.068.627

48.597.209

262

Sweden

20.774.672

21.104.158

20.068.615

17.480.399

802

Slovenia

8.214.360

8.216.051

8.860.105

8.067.023

100

Slovak Rep

32.166.094

32.476.719

25.336.706

21.595.209

197

TOTAL

1.957.060.701

1.967.387.261

2.119.602.968

1.873.225.616

12622

(1) Verified emissions for all installations with open or closed accounts in CITL (i.e. including new entrants and closed installations). As the CITL is constantly receiving information (including corrections of verified emissions data, new entrants and closures), aggregations carried out after 30 April 2009 might give a different result

(2) 2009 verified emissions for Cyprus are not complete and should not be used as a basis for comparison

1 :

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) generates credits known as Certified Emission Reductions (CERs); credits from the Joint Implementation mechanism are called Emission Reduction Units (ERUs). See http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/linking_en.htm


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