Brussels, 6 May 2010
European Commission calls for increased protection of unaccompanied minors entering the EU
The European Commission adopted today an Action Plan to increase the protection of unaccompanied minors entering the EU, encompassing common standards for guardianship and legal representation. The aim of the Plan is to create a common European approach to make sure that a decision on the future of each unaccompanied minor is taken by the competent authorities as soon as possible, preferably within six months. As a priority, Member States should trace the families of the unaccompanied minors and carefully monitor their reintegration in their home society. If it is in the best interest of the child, Member States should find alternative solutions including granting international protection status or resettlement in the EU.
It is not easy to have a clear view of the number of unaccompanied minors coming to Europe in the migration process, but the asylum applications lodged last year by children under the age of 18 unaccompanied by an adult can give an idea of the extent of the problem. Data from Eurostat indicate that in 2009, 10 960 unaccompanied minors lodged applications for asylum in 22 Member States (excluding Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Poland and Romania), which represents an increase of 13% compared to 2008 when there were 9 695 asylum applications.
The reasons behind the arrival of unaccompanied minors varies. Unaccompanied minors escape from wars and conflicts, poverty or natural catastrophes, discrimination or persecution. They are sent by their families in the expectation of a better life, of being able to support their families back home, or in an attempt to join other family members already in the EU. Some are victims of human trafficking. The Action Plan proposes an EU approach based on three main strands for action: prevention of unsafe migration and trafficking, reception and procedural guarantees in the EU and identification of durable solutions.
"Europe must take immediate action to look after unaccompanied minors, who are the most exposed and vulnerable victims of migration", said Cecilia Malmström, EU Commissioner for Home Affairs."This Action Plan aims at setting up a common and coordinated approach to meet a challenge that is to increase over the coming years. It is paramount that all Member States commit to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. The principle of the best interest of the child should always form the basis for any action taken. We must focus on tracing the families of minors entering the EU territory alone and we must grant return conditions allowing them for reunifying with their relatives".
The Action Plan is based on the following ten principles:
Figures and statistics
The European Migration Network, EMN, has produced an EU Comparative Study on Unaccompanied Minors. The EMN Synthesis Report, as well as the 22 National Reports upon which the synthesis is based, are available on
Justice and Home Affairs Newsroom:
Homepage of Cecilia Malmström, Commissioner for Home Affairs:
For more information