Brussels, 4 February 2010
Skills and jobs experts call for action now
Immediate action is required to solve Europe's skills deficiencies and give Europeans a better chance of labour market success in the future, says an independent expert report published by the European Commission today. The report - 'New Skills for New Jobs: Action Now' - stresses the need to provide the right incentives for people to upgrade their skills, to better link education, training and work, to develop the right mix of skills, and to better anticipate those skills needed in the future. Today's report is one of the major outputs of the European Commission's 'New Skills for New Jobs' agenda and will be presented at a high level conference in Brussels today.
Vladimír Špidla, Commissioner for Employment said: "Improving people's skills will help us out of the crisis in the short term and prepare for sustainable economic success in the future".
Maroš Šefčovič, Commissioner for Education, Training, Culture and Youth, added "We need to break down the divisions between ‘education and training’ and ‘work’ so that people can make sure that their skills are suited to evolving labour market needs throughout their lives."
The nature of the problem:
At present, one in three Europeans of working age has few or no formal qualifications, making them 40% less likely to be employed than those with medium level qualifications.
The employment rate for those with high skill levels across the EU as a whole is 84%, for medium skill levels 70%, and for low skill levels it stands at 49%.
Those with low qualifications are also much less likely to upgrade their skills and follow lifelong learning.
Meanwhile, companies that train their staff are 2.5 times less likely to go out of business compared to those that do not, and
Education systems that provide adequate skills for all could increase GDP by as much as 10% in the long term.
Today's expert report provides concrete recommendations on how to solve Europe's skills deficiencies and is addressed to decision-makers at EU and national level, businesses, trade unions, education and training providers and employment services.
It calls for action in four main areas:
Provide better incentives for employers and individuals to up-skill, and investment in skills must be significant, smart and not just financial;
Open up the worlds of education and training by making education and training institutions more innovative and responsive to both learners' and employers' needs, and by developing relevant qualifications that focus on concrete learning outcomes;
O ffer a better mix of skills that is more suited to labour market needs;
Better anticipation of future skill needs.
The view of the experts is that each of these areas is inter-linked, and therefore all actions must be addressed together. Moreover, it is not the responsibility of just one stakeholder, but a concerted effort is needed from all involved.
The report points to the inconvenient truth that, despite progress in recent years, much of Europe is still not sufficiently skilled. Nearly one third of Europe’s population aged 25-64 have no, or only low, formal qualifications and only one quarter have high level qualifications. And those who are skilled do not always have the right skills that employers are looking for, thus creating mismatches on the labour market. A better mix of transversal and specific skills is required.
The problem is made more urgent by rising unemployment and the demographic challenges.
However, some 80 million job opportunities are expected to arise in the next decade, according to the latest projections by CEDEFOP, the EU's reference centre for vocational education and training. Among these jobs, almost 7 million jobs will be new, and most of those will require a more highly-skilled workforce.
The New Skills New Jobs initiative was launched at EU level in December 2008 to build stronger bridges between the world of education and the world of work. In spring 2009, the European Commission appointed a group of experts on training, skills and employment from around the EU to provide independent advice on the further development of the initiative in the context of the EU's future economic reform strategy (Europe 2020).
Expert report: 'New Skills for New Jobs: Action Now':
Cedefop Press Release and Briefing Note:
New Skills for New Jobs: Employment
New Skills for New Jobs: Education and training
Video News Release: Creating Green Jobs