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De kvikkeste unge hoveder konkurrerer i EU's 22. konkurrence for unge videnskabsfolk, som denne gang afholdes i Lissabon

European Commission - IP/10/1201   29/09/2010

Other available languages: EN FR DE ES NL IT SV PT FI EL CS ET HU LT LV MT PL SK SL BG RO

IP/10/1201

Lissabon, den 29. september 2010

De kvikkeste unge hoveder konkurrerer i EU's 22. konkurrence for unge videnskabsfolk, som denne gang afholdes i Lissabon

I Lissabon blev unge forskere fra Tjekkiet, Polen og Ungarn i dag kåret som vindere af Den Europæiske Unions konkurrence i 2010 for unge videnskabsfolk. Projekterne, som analyserer emner inden for fysik, biologi og samfundsvidenskab, er udvalgt af en international jury blandt 85 projekter fra 37 lande. Syv andre projekter præsenteret af unge fra Polen, Tyskland, Portugal, Letland, Italien og Brasilien fik tildelt henholdsvis anden- og tredjepræmien og den internationale præmie. De 16 vindere, der er i alderen 14-21 år, deltes om præmier til en værdi af 51 500 euro for deres innovative videnskabelige projekter af topkvalitet. Der findes oplysninger om vinderne og om alle de projekter, der er præsenteret, på: http://ec.europa.eu/research/youngscientists/index_en.cfm.

"Den Europæiske Unions konkurrence for unge videnskabsfolk giver studerende fra hele Europa en enestående mulighed for at fremvise deres bedste videnskabelige præstationer. Jeg ønsker vinderne og alle, der deltog, hjerteligt til lykke: de er fantastiske ambassadører for deres skoler og universiteter, for deres lande og regioner og for ungdommen i dag", udtalte EU's kommissær for forskning, innovation og videnskab, Máire Geoghegan-Quinn. "Det er ved at investere i unge talenter med nye idéer og give dem de rette karrieremuligheder inden for forskning, at vi kan skubbe Europa frem i en førende stilling inden for videnskab og realisere målet om innovation i EU. Unge mennesker som disse vil bidrage til at forme fremtiden – og jeg er overbevist om, at vi er i gode hænder. Det er særlig opmuntrende at se, at studerende fra de nye medlemsstater har vundet både første-, anden- og tredjepræmier."

Androulla Vassiliou, kommissær med ansvar for uddannelse, gav med følgende udtalelse udtryk for samme holdning: "Videnskaben har afgørende indflydelse på det samfund, vi lever i og på vores dagligdag. Videnskaben giver os et righoldigt udbud af sikre fødevarer, gør os sundere, giver os grønnere transportmidler, adgang til oplysninger, musik på farten, sms'er, højopløsningsfjernsyn – ja, listen er uudtømmelig. Videnskaben gør virkelig en forskel, og Kommissionen bakker derfor fuldt ud op om EU's konkurrence for unge videnskabsfolk og investerer millioner af euro i forskning gennem rammeprogrammet for forskning, Marie Curie-fonden, Erasmus-programmet og andre ordninger. Vi skal fortsætte med at investere i ekspertise!"

Lissabons museum for elektricitet har i de seneste dage været vært for 125 konkurrencedeltagere fra 37 lande, ikke kun europæiske lande, men også fra f.eks. Canada, USA, Kina og Brasilien. I dagene fra den 24. til den 29. september præsenterede de studerende i alt 85 projekter for en international jury med professor Hagit Messer-Yaron som formand. Disse projekter havde allerede vundet førstepræmier i nationale konkurrencer. Projekterne vedrører et bredt spektrum af videnskabelige områder, f.eks. biologi, kemi, datalogi, samfundsvidenskab, miljø, matematik, materialelære, ingeniørfag og medicin. Projekterne i denne konkurrence har altid været af høj kvalitet, og mange af deltagerne har siden oplevet betydelige videnskabelige gennembrud eller har oprettet virksomheder for at markedsføre de idéer, de har udtænkt til konkurrencen.

Baggrund:

EU-konkurrencen for unge videnskabsfolk blev lanceret af Kommissionen med det formål at lette samarbejdet og udvekslinger mellem unge forskere med fælles evner og interesser og at give dem muligheden for at blive vejledt af nogle af Europas mest fremtrædende videnskabsfolk.

Formålet er at anspore unge til at dyrke deres interesse for videnskab og slå ind på en videnskabelig løbebane.

Konkurrencen er et led i programmet "Videnskab i Samfundet" under EU's 7. rammeprogram for forskning.

I år blev præmierne uddelt af Anneli Pauli, vicegeneraldirektør i Europa-Kommissionens Generaldirektorat for Forskning, og professor Hagit Messer-Yaron, som er formand for juryen.

Konkurrencen blev afholdt første gang i 1989 med deltagelse af 15 lande. I dette års konkurrence, som er den 22., deltog 37 lande plus en af Europaskolerne.

Siden konkurrencen blev lanceret i sin tid, har i alt 2 074 unge (627 piger og 1 447 drenge) deltaget i denne internationale begivenhed. Der er uddelt over 500 præmier!

Yderligere oplysninger om EU-konkurrencen for unge videnskabsfolk, herunder fotografier, succeshistorier, biografiske oplysninger om juryens medlemmer og beskrivelser af deltagerprojekterne, kan findes på:

http://ec.europa.eu/research/youngscientists/index_en.cfm

Annex 1

PRIZE-WINNERS

22nd European Union Contest for Young Scientists

FIRST PRIZES (€ 7.000 per Project)

Country

Czech Republic

Contestants

Miroslav Rapcak ( 19 )

David Pegrimek (19)

Scientific Field

Physics

Project Title

Complete Phase Diagram Of CO2 Nanoclusters

Short Summary

Complete Phase Diagram of CO2 Nanoclusters Miroslav Rapcak, David Pegrimek Nanoclusters (clusters) are aggregates of a few particles. For the past decades it has been accepted that clusters constitute a new and exciting form of matter with exotic properties used in nanotechnology. Nowadays, temperature dependences of properties are being studied. In the future applications of clusters, they will be surrounded by other particles that impact them by pressure. There exist no complex study of cluster properties dependence on the pressure. We have studied carbon dioxide clusters. Knowledge of CO2 clusters properties is much behind the knowledge of properties of other clusters. CO2 clusters become important for the surface erosion methods that provide an arbitrary surface structure or high friction surfaces. Studying of CO2 clusters at high pressures can provide a way to store CO2 into the ocean to avoid greenhouse ect.

Country

Poland

Contestants

Lukasz Sokolowski ( 20 )

Scientific Field

Biology

Project Title

Foraging Strategy Of The Ant Formica Cinerea

Short Summary

The goal of the research was to discover how the ants Formica cinerea search for food. Another aim was to check if F. cinerea are able to share information about the quality of food. Observation of wild F. cinerea colonies showed, that they use a strategy called “mass recruitment”. Ants using this strategy create a column leading from the nest to food. They use pheromones to mark the way. Observation of ant colonies kept in a special terrarium (formicarium) showed that the ants can share information about the quality of food. They can also switch from food of lower quality to the better one, but they do it slowly. The strategy used by F. cinera is not the most effective, but thanks to using it, F. cinerea avoids fights with T. caespitum, another ant living in the same environment. T. caespitum uses a more flexible foraging strategy called “group-mass recruitment“. That’s why ants of these two species do not compete for the same sources of food and do not fight with each other.

Country

Hungary

Contestants

Dávid Horváth ( 20 )

Márton Balassi ( 20 )

Scientific Field

Social Sciences

Project Title

Nature On Your Screen - Computer Based Modeling And Local Area Network In The Education Of Ecology

Short Summary

The crisis in science education gets much public attention these days as natural sciences are amongst the least popular subjects. Our starting point was to examine which programs we and our peers like using the most and which of these are the ones that can be implemented in classroom, so we decided to write a computer model to support ecology education. In our model by choosing external parameters to affect the ecosystem, it is also possible to model natural or anthropogenic effects such as migration, supporting certain trophic levels or spreading pesticides or pollutants. Using the program individually or in network provides an interactive tool for showing the main characteristics of ecosystems while developing mathematical competence, environmental consciousness, problem-based approach and creativity. We have also compiled a teaching aid including some stable configurations, lesson plans and ideas to assist further classroom implementation.

SECOND PRIZES (€ 5.000 per project)

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Poland

Justyna Slowiak

19

Biology

Biodiversity, Palaeoecology And Taxonomical Position Of Vertebrates In The Middle Triassic Sea Ecosystem In Silesia (sw Poland)

Germany

Simon Schuldt

19

Engineering

Aircraft Of The Future - A Practise-based School Project

Germany

Luca Banszerus

Michael Schmitz

18

19

Physics

Production And Charaterization Of Graphene Devices

THIRD PRIZES (€ 3.500 per Project)

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Latvia

Aleksejs Sazonovs

18

Computing

Applying Image Recognition Methods For Classification Of Astronomical Images

Italy

Davide Giacinto Lucarelli

Niccolò Pozzi

Stefano Sanfilippo

19

19

19

Mathematics

An Analysis of the Network of Chemists within the City of Monza

Portugal

Inês Alexandra Costa Kristoffer de Sá Høg

18

19

Environment

Rocks Of The Southwest - The Mysteries Written On The Stone

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION PRIZE (€ 5.000 per project)

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Brazil

William Lopes

20

Biology

Utilization Of The Fungus Aspergillus Niger On Wastewater Treatment Ii

HONORARY AWARDS

Stockholm International Youth Science 2010

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Czech Republic

Miroslav Rapcak

David Pegrimek

19

Physics

Complete Phase Diagram of CO2 Nanoclusters

Poland

Lukasz Sokolowski

20

Biology

Foraging Strategy Of The Ant Formica Cinerea

London International Youth Science Forum 2011

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Hungary

Dávid Horváth

Márton Balassi

20

20

Social Sciences

Nature On Your Screen - Computer Based Modeling And Local Area Network In The Education Of Ecology

SPECIAL DONATED PRIZES

There are 25 special donated prizes: a five-day visit of a technical and cultural nature to the

European Patent Office in Munich and a one-week stay at each of the seven members of

EIROforum[1]:

• CERN: The European Laboratory for Particle Physics

• EFDA: The European Fusion Development Agreement

• EMBL: The European Molecular Biology Laboratory

• ESA: The European Space Agency

• ESO: The European Southern Observatory

• ESRF: The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility

• ILL: The Institut Laue-Langevin

The European Patent Office, Munich, Germany

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Switzerland

Andrea Agazzi

Mauro Salazar

19

20

Chemistry

Nanotechnology From Natural Tissues. Realization Of Catalytic Systems With High Active Surface From Spongy Bone.

Switzerland

Christian Meier

Thomas Vögeli

20

20

Engineering

Mts – Magnetic Transport System

Germany

Simon Schuldt

19

Engineering

Aircraft Of The Future - A Practise-based School Project

EIROForum Prizes

CERN: The European Laboratory for Particle Physics

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Belarus

Volha Shumskaya

17

Mathematics

Extremal Properties Of L.c.m. And G.c.d. For Sequences

EFDA-JET

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Latvia

Janis Smits

18

Physics

Optimization Of Synthesis Conditions Of Lithium Iron Phosphate And Development Of A Thin Layer Battery

ESA

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Slovak Republic

Bejdová Vladimíra

19

Physics

New Binary Star In The Field Of Cn And

EMBL

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

United Kindgom

Raghd Rostom

19

Biology

Embryonic Chick Bones As A Model For Osteogenic And Chondrogenic Differentiation In Stem Cells

ESO

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Israel

Pavel Fadeev

19

Physics

An Exploration Of Hii Star-forming Regions

ILL

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Bulgaria

Radko Kotev

18

Mathematics

A New Solution Of The Apollonius Problem

ESRF

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Italy

Sebastian Cincelli

19

Engineering

Eu.r.ex.- Eusocial Rovers For Exploration

Host Organization Special Donated Prizes

The ADENE – Agency for Energy Special Prize

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Ireland

Richard O’Shea

19

Engineering

A Biomass Fired Cooking Stove For Developing Countries

France

Rémi Ounadjela

Kaiqiang ZHANG

Victor Mizrahi

17

18

17

Physics

The Musical Plasma

Health Special Prize

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Israel

Nitay Aspis

18

Biology

The Influence Of Galectin-8 On The Skeletal System

Slovak Republic

Ferenc Jaroslav

17

Biology

The Examination Of Circadian Regulation Of Response On A Herbicide Glyphosate In Common Chickweed (stellaria Media)

Vision-Box Special Prize

Country

Contestants

Age

Scientific Field

Project Title

Germany

Andreas Lang

20

Computing

Face Detection Using Swarm Intelligence


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