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Emissions trading: EU ETS emissions fall 3 % in 2008

Commission Européenne - IP/09/794   15/05/2009

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IP/09/794

Brussels, 15 May 2009

Emissions trading: EU ETS emissions fall 3 % in 2008

Emissions of greenhouse gases from EU businesses participating in the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) fell 3,06 % in 2008 compared with a year earlier, according to the information provided by Member State registries. With the 6.5% reduction in emission allowances that the Commission has secured for the second trading period, the EU ETS really started to make a difference to emissions in 2008. Last year marked the beginning of the second trading period of the EU ETS, which runs from 2008 to 2012.

Environment Commissioner Stavros Dimas said: "The 3 per cent reduction was partly due to businesses taking measures to cut their emissions in response to the strong carbon price that prevailed until the economic downturn started. It confirms that the EU has a well functioning trading system, with a robust cap, a clear price signal and a liquid market, which is helping us to cut emissions cost-effectively. This should encourage other countries in their efforts to set up comparable domestic cap-and-trade systems, which we would like to see linked up with the EU ETS to create a stronger international carbon market.”

2008 emissions data

Verified emissions of greenhouse gases from all installations in the EU ETS in 2008 totalled 2.118 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent. 2008 emissions (excluding those of Bulgaria, Liechtenstein and Norway where 2007 data is incomplete or unavailable) were 3,06% lower than the 2007 level. Emissions were reduced despite GDP growth in the EU-27 of 0.8% last year.

While the economic slowdown was felt strongly in the sectors covered by the EU ETS, the drop in emissions was also due to emission reduction measures undertaken by installations in reaction to the robust carbon price which prevailed for most of 2008 before the onset of the recession.

While the EU ETS had previously covered only emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), from 2008 onwards it also includes emissions of nitrous oxide from the production of nitric acid in the Netherlands and in Norway.

Fewer installations but expanded scope

The number of installations with open accounts, i.e. those participating in the system, was 11,359 in 2008, which is 213 fewer than in 2007. This reduction resulted from the application of a rule that took many smaller installations out of the system.

Despite this, the volume of emissions covered by the EU ETS expanded to activities with emissions amounting to around 50 million tons of CO2-equivalent last year due to Member States adopting a more harmonised interpretation of definitions of activities covered. In addition, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway joined the EU ETS in 2008 (although at present no installations in Iceland are covered).

High level of compliance

Of all the installations participating in the scheme last year, 0,9% did not surrender the required quantity of allowances by the deadline of 1 May 2009. These installations are typically small and together they account for less than 0,5% of all emission allocations in the EU.

2,2% of the installations, accounting for 0,1% of all emission allocations in the EU failed to submit verified emissions for the year 2008 before 1 May 2009.

Limited use of credits

Last year it was possible for the first time for installations to surrender emission credits generated through the Kyoto Protocol’s flexible mechanisms[1] in order to offset part of their emissions. CERs accounted for 3.9% of all surrenders. 41% of these originated in China, 31% in India, 15% in South Korea and 7% in Brazil, with a further 14 countries of origin accounting for the remaining 5%.

ERUs accounted for only 0.002% of all surrenders. The combined CER and ERU surrenders in 2008 used up only roughly 6% of the approximately 1.4 billion credits that are allowed over the 2008-2012 trading period.

92% of the surrenders were allowances which had been given to installations for free while the remaining 4.1% of surrenders were of allowances either purchased in auctions or free allowances allocated for 2009.

Total surrenders for 2008
2.075.245.163
100,0%
CERs and ERUs
81.717.146
3,9%
2008 free allowances
1.908.402.867
92,0%
2009 allowances or allowances purchased at auction
85.125.150
4,1%

Background

The second trading period of the EU ETS began on 1 January 2008 and runs for five years until 31 December 2012. This period coincides with the period during which industrialised countries must meet their Kyoto Protocol emission targets. The EU ETS will be substantially reformed for the third trading period, which will start on 1 January 2013 and run until 2020. The legislation revising the Emissions Trading Directive was adopted as part of the EU climate and energy package on 23 April 2009 (IP/09/628).

Under the EU ETS, installations are required to submit their verified emissions data for each year to Member State registries. For 2008 this data became publicly available on the Community Independent Transaction Log (CITL) on 1 April 2009. From 15 May onwards the CITL also displays compliance data, with information on whether installations have complied with their obligations to surrender an amount of allowances equal to last year's verified emissions.

Further information:

The CITL homepage

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ets/

The registries homepage of DG Environment on EUROPA

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/citl_en.htm

The revised ETS and Frequently Asked Questions

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/ets_post2012_en.htm

Annex

MS
Free Allowances allocated to installations for 2008 by 11 May 2009 (incl. new entrants)
Verified emissions(1)
Number of installations
2007
2008
2007(2)
2008
Austria
30.135.352
31.751.177
32.003.648
210
216
Belgium
55.183.716
52.795.333
55.463.954
309
302
Cyprus(3)
4.815.089
5.396.164
5.604.915
13
13
Czech Rep
85.517.435
87.834.764
80.075.385
406
401
Denmark
23.983.428
29.407.370
26.545.260
383
378
Estonia
11.678.257
15.329.934
13.545.577
47
50
Finland
36.235.533
42.541.353
36.161.200
607
600
France
129.568.044
126.634.815
123.442.083
1094
1016
Germany
388.759.381
487.145.916
472.599.758
1915
1668
Greece
63.685.092
72.717.011
69.853.893
153
139
Hungary
25.026.920
26.836.758
27.245.046
245
237
Ireland
19.970.084
21.246.120
20.381.698
113
105
Italy
211.683.433
226.388.058
220.661.994
1009
1048
Latvia
2.910.074
2.849.210
2.743.538
93
86
Lithuania
7.509.636
5.998.744
6.103.720
101
111
Luxemburg
2.488.229
2.567.231
2.098.895
15
15
Malta(3)
2.107.837
2.027.364
2.018.585
2
2
Netherlands
76.756.732
79.874.659
83.511.680
213
375
Poland
200.940.137
209.618.357
204.107.419
869
858
Portugal
30.360.675
31.229.226
29.914.270
260
213
Romania
70.652.726
69.616.155
63.556.167
244
252
Slovak Rep
32.154.494
24.516.834
25.488.101
169
179
Slovenia
8.214.360
9.048.634
8.860.105
98
91
Spain
154.045.898
186.573.449
163.456.374
1052
1039
Sweden
20.774.672
19.040.566
20.007.104
755
770
UK(4)
213.561.991
256.581.340
265.031.078
1057
952
TOTAL excl. BG, LI, NO
1.908.719.225
2.125.566.542
2.060.481.447
11.432
11.116
Bulgaria (5)
.
39.181.984
38.300.733
140
128
Liechtenstein
21.102
0
19.883
.
2
Norway
7.529.474
.
19.342.240
.
113
Total
1.916.269.801
2.164.748.526
2.118.144.303
11.572
11.359
(1) Verified emissions for all installations with open or closed accounts in CITL (i.e. including new entrants and closed installations). As the CITL is constantly receiving information (including corrections of verified emissions data, new entrants and closures), aggregations carried out after 30 April 2009 might give a different result
(2) as of 8 May 2008 (except for Bulgaria where the data is an estimate)
(3) Data for 2007 free allocations and 2008 verified emissions is not from the CITL but communicated separately by the Member State.
(4) EU ETS emissions reported in the CITL from the UK increased by roughly 20 million tonnes between 2005 and 2008 due to the inclusion in the EU ETS of installations that were previously opted-out.
(5) 2007 verified emissions for Bulgaria are not complete and should not be used as a basis for comparison


[1] The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) generates credits known as Certified Emission Reductions (CERs); credits from the Joint Implementation mechanism are called Emission Reduction Units (ERUs). See

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/linking_en.htm


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