Brussels, 26 November 2009
Commission approves €275 million for the eradication, monitoring and control of animal diseases
Today, the European Commission adopted a financial package of €275 million to support programmes to eradicate, control and monitor animal diseases in 2010. The 224 annual or multi-annual programmes which were selected for EU funding will tackle animal diseases that impact both human and animal health. The large EU contribution towards these programmes reflects the high level of importance attached to disease eradication measures, for the protection of both animal and public health.
EU Health Commissioner Androulla Vassiliou said " The motto of our animal health strategy is 'prevention is better than cure'. If the spread of certain animal diseases is not prevented, it can affect both animal and public health. That is why we are prioritising programmes covering diseases that might be transmitted to humans ".
Each year the Commission approves programmes for the eradication and monitoring of animal diseases, for the control of zoonoses such as salmonella, for the monitoring and eradication of TSEs and for avian influenza surveillance. These approved programmes receive financial contributions from the EU.
For 2010, 224 eradication, control and monitoring programmes for animal diseases and zoonoses have been approved, for which Member States wish to receive a financial contribution from the Community for 2010.
Animal disease eradication programmes
For the year 2010, 76 annual or multi-annual programmes to eradicate 10 important animal diseases have been granted Community financial support. The total EU contribution to these programmes is around €174M. The increased budget for 2010 is mainly due to allocations to counter Bluetongue disease in many Member States and the approval for the first time of a Bovine Tuberculosis eradication programme for UK. TB programmes are expensive and the EU will provide €12M for Ireland, €10M for UK and €7.5M for Spain.
Within this budget, diseases that might be transmitted to humans are prioritised. Significant sums are being spent on the eradication of brucellosis, tuberculosis and rabies. Following the success of the programmes in recent years which have virtually eradicated rabies in the western part of the EU, most of the activity in 2010 will be focused towards the Member States on the Eastern border of the EU, almost €12M have been allocated to this task. Rabies is spread by infected wildlife and the programmes aim at producing immunity in the wildlife by orally vaccinating them with baits containing vaccine.
Zoonoses control programmes
Salmonella programmes have further expanded this year with the inclusion of activities in turkey farms (now turkey, broilers, layers and breeders are covered). Historically, the use of salmonella funds have been difficult to predict and funds have often been underused as a large part of the cost depends on the slaughter of infected flocks, whose value varies considerably depending on the stage of production.
A financial contribution of €26M has been allocated to control zoonotic salmonella in poultry ( Gallus gallus) and turkey flocks (Meleagris gallopavo) in 25 Member States.
Avian influenza surveillance
Member States will also continue to carry out surveillance for avian influenza in poultry and wild birds in 2010 with financial assistance from the EU towards laboratory testing and wild birds sampling costs. More than €4M will be available from the EU budget.
This surveillance is the most effective way to detect early outbreaks of both high and low pathogenic influenzas and was extremely useful in previous years, allowing early detection of avian influenza in wild birds before commercial flocks became infected.
Monitoring and eradication programmes for Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs)
The overall trend is positive and is improving year after year due to a good implementation of the monitoring and eradication programmes in most Member States.
The Commission has agreed to make €67M available from the EU budget to assist Member States in the compulsory monitoring of TSEs, and for BSE eradication and Scrapie eradication measures. The requests from Member States for BSE eradication (i.e. culling of cohorts of BSE infected animals) have dropped in line with the reduction in new BSE cases and which have become rather unpredictable. The second year of the special multi-annual programme for scrapie eradication submitted by Cyprus is included and over €8M has been allocated as foreseen.
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