Brussels, 17 September 2009
EU policies are more coherent for development
EU policies are more coherent and positive for development in poor countries. In the recently adopted EU Report on Policy Coherence for Development, the European Commission shows that development concerns have been integrated in all the 12 policy areas which have an impact on poor countries. In the areas of research, energy and environment, EU policies have been particularly positive for developing countries.
Karel De Gucht, European Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid said: "In our increasingly integrated world, promoting development in poor countries requires to go beyond traditional aid programmes. Policy coherence is a commitment we have taken to help developing countries benefit from the opportunities created by non-aid policies in the EU. I warmly welcome the progress highlighted in the second Report on Policy Coherence the last two years. These positive outcomes show that development policy is best delivered in a comprehensive way. This approach also contributes to more effectiveness of our support to developing countries."
In the second Report on Policy Coherence, several policy areas are highlighted where progress towards more coherence has been achieved in the past two years:
Research: EU and developing countries work jointly together in areas of interest for developing countries, such as health or food security. Researchers from developing countries are encouraged by the Commission to participate in research programmes and mobility schemes. In the first two years of the implementation of the 7 th Research Framework contract (2007-2013), applications for research funding from African scientists amounted to Euro 60 million.
Environment: The European Commission aims to protect forests globally. Under its Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade "FLEGT" Initiative, the EU imports only certified timber from its partner countries to fight illegal logging. So far Ghana and Congo have signed such an agreement.
Energy: Under the Renewable Energy Directive (2008), the binding target for renewable energy is 20% by 2020. Developing countries are expected to benefit by exporting bio fuels to the EU. Bio fuels importers are obliged to comply with clear environmental criteria.
Building on the results achieved, the Commission proposes to focus future policy coherence development on five priority areas for achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals: climate change, global food security, migration, intellectual property rights and security.
In the report, two case studies have been launched to provide concrete evidence on the effects of EU policies on developing countries and in particular on their capacity to reach MDG 1/ reducing h unger and MDG 6/ the fight against HIV/AIDS.
The second Report on Policy Coherence for Development assesses the progress made in advancing coherence in 12 policy areas which impact on development, namely trade, environment, climate change, security, agriculture, fisheries, social dimension of globalisation, employment and decent work, migration, research and innovation, information society, transport and energy. It builds on evidence that the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) depends not only on development aid, but also on the policies defined and implemented by the EU and other international actors in areas such as trade, environment, security or migration.
The commitment towards Policy Coherence is embedded in the European Consensus on Development adopted in December 2005. A first progress report on Policy Coherence was published in 2007.
The 2009 EU Report on Policy Coherence for Development:
The Communication Policy Coherence for Development - Establishing the policy framework for a whole–of–the-Union approach: