Bruxelles, le 30 juillet 2009
Juillet 2009: l'indicateur du climat économique continue de se redresser
En juillet, l'indicateur du climat économique (ESI) a poursuivi sa progression dans l'UE et la zone euro, en enregistrant sa quatrième hausse consécutive dans les deux séries depuis le creux du mois de mars. Toutefois, dans les deux régions, il reste encore nettement inférieur à sa moyenne à long terme. Il a augmenté de 3,9 points pour l'UE et de 2,8 points pour la zone euro, pour s'établir respectivement à 75 et à 76 points.
Economic sentiment indicator (s.a.)
Euro area: July 76.0
Recovery of the industrial confidence indicator continued, backed by a further improvement in production expectations and normalisation in the level of stocks. After a more than year-long slide, manufacturers' order books finally showed some improvement. Still, both stocks of finished goods and production expectations remain below their long-term averages; more importantly, industrial activity remains weak, as manifested by the all-time low level of capacity utilisation.
The increase in the ESI resulted from a general improvement in sentiment in all sectors, except construction. Services improved notably in the EU (+3.6 points) and to a lesser extent in the euro area (+2.1). Retail trade recovered in both areas (+2.9 in the EU and +3.5 in the euro area), while industry continued its improvement from the trough in March in both the EU (+2.7) and the euro area (+2.2). Likewise, sentiment among consumers picked up again by 1.9 in the EU and 2.1 in the euro area. Construction, in contrast, remained at the June levels.
The majority of the Member States registered an improvement. Among the largest Member States, the UK (+5.0 points), Spain (+3.9), Italy (+3.5) and Germany (+3.2) recorded significant increases in sentiment, while the rise was marginal in France (+0.3), the Netherlands (+0.2) and Poland (+0.1).
The financial services confidence indicator – not included in the ESI – moved up by 2.0 points in both areas. While managers' assessment of the business situation and demand over the past three months improved markedly, expectations of demand for the next three months decreased substantially compared to the improvement registered last month.
Industrial confidence indicator (s.a.)
EU: July -30
Euro area: July -30
Service confidence indicator (s.a.)
EU: July -19
Euro area: July -18
Consumer confidence indicator (s.a.)
EU: July -21
Euro area: July -23
Retail trade confidence indicator (s.a.)
EU: July -14
Euro area: July -13
Construction confidence indicator (s.a.)
EU: July -37
Euro area: July -33
Financial services confidence indicator (n.s.a.)
EU: July 2
Euro area: July -1
The next Business and Consumer Survey is due to be published on 28 August 2009.
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