Brussels, 11 June 2007
Commissioner for Fisheries and Maritime Affairs, Joe Borg, commented, "The decisions taken by Council today mark an important step on the way to ensuring the sustainability of European fisheries. I am glad that the severely depleted eel and bluefin tuna stocks will shortly receive the protection that they so badly need. Indeed, this protection will not come one day too soon."
The Commission adopted its proposal for the recovery of European eel in October 2005. After lengthy discussions at the Council meetings in April and May, the Commission is glad that Council was able to reach agreement on the restocking measures that will be crucial to the recovery of the stock. Under the new regulation, each Member State must submit to the Commission, by 31 December 2008, a national Eel Management Plan that outlines the measures that it will take in order to achieve the objective of 40% escapement of silver eel (adults) from inland waters to the sea and to spawning grounds. A Member State may submit specific plans for different river basins within its territory. Member States sharing river basins must endeavour to prepare joint management plans. The management plans will then be evaluated by the Commission´s Scientific Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) before final approval is granted by the Commission.
Member States that catch glass eel (juvenile) will set aside 60% of their annual catch for restocking of European inland waters so as to increase escapement of adult eel to the sea. This 60% will be phased in gradually by 2013. In case of significant differences between the price of glass eel destined for restocking and the price of those marketed for other uses, the percentage required to be set aside for restocking will be temporarily reduced in order to counter the price discrepancies.
Council adopted the Commission proposal which provides for the provisional transposition into European law of the multi-annual recovery plan for bluefin tuna as recommended by the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) last November. This amendment also establishes a definitive quota of 16 779.55 tonnes for the EU fishery on bluefin tuna in the Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. A provisional TAC of 9 397.70 tonnes was set by Council last December, pending the definitive decision by ICCAT members on how to allocate the 2007 Total Allowable Catch (TAC) of 29 500 tonnes at their meeting in Tokyo on 29-31 January. The EU quota is shared between Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain (for table, see links below). The recovery plan will be applicable from 13 June 2007, while the measures on a minimum landing size will enter into force by 30 June 2007 at the latest.
North Sea flat fish
Council adopted a multi-annual plan for the management of plaice and sole in the North Sea. Following advice from ICES that the plaice stock in the North Sea was outside safe biological limits, and following consultations with the industry, the Commission proposed a multi-annual plan in 2005. The plan will manage plaice together with sole, since the two species are caught together, particularly in the beam trawl fisheries. The plan establishes parameters for the joint management of these species in a two-step approach: it will first bring the stocks within safe biological limits, before going on to a level corresponding to Maximum Sustainable Yield in the long term. The plan establishes the principles to be used in setting annual TACs and adjustments in fishing effort for the fleets concerned.
Regional Advisory Councils
Speaking of today's Council adoption of the amendment to the legal basis of the Regional Advisory Councils, Commissioner Borg said, "A more secure funding basis for RACs will allow them to strengthen the important role which they already play in the management of the CFP." The amendment will revise the RACs' legal basis so as to increase the amount of EU funding which they currently receive. Under the new provisions, EU funding will become a stable annual commitment covering up to 90% of their costs, rather than being phased out after five years. The annual allocation per RAC will be EUR 250 000. In a declaration, the Commission stated that the legal basis would also be revised to ensure that sufficient funding is allocated for translation and interpretation to enable all stakeholders to participate fully and on an equal footing in the RACs proceedings.
Alien species in aquaculture
The new Council Regulation adopted today will regulate the introduction of non-native species in aquaculture to prevent negative impacts on the surrounding environment. The introduction of such species can have an adverse impact on ecosystems and cause significant loss of biodiversity. In future the Community can optimise the benefits associated with low-risk new species for the continued development of the aquaculture industry, safe in the knowledge that the new permit system, to be introduced at Member States level, will sift-out potentially damaging candidate species or associated "hitch-hikers". The new legislation which has been informed by extensive consultation, builds on existing voluntary codes of practice formulated by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea and the European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission. "The adoption of the new regulation marks further progress in the EU's Strategy for the sustainable development of European aquaculture," Commissioner Borg said.
Eels: Commission proposes seasonal closure of eel fishing until approval of
national protection plans
Commission "ICCAT decisive measures offer realistic chance for sustainable
fisheries of bluefin tuna"
Commission pleased at International Commission for the Conservation of
Atlantic Tunas' allocation of bluefin tuna
Commission proposes adoption of ICCAT recovery measures for bluefin
Commission proposes transposition of ICCAT recovery plan for bluefin tuna
into Community law
North Sea flatfish
Plaice and sole in the North Sea: a long-term plan for healthier stocks and
Fisheries: Commission proposes additional funding for Regional Advisory
Commission proposes measures in aquaculture to ensure greater protection for