Brussels, 15 May 2006
The European Commission today released the 2005 carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions data and compliance status of more than 9,400 installations covered by the EU Emissions Trading Scheme. For four Member States – Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta and Poland – no information has been received as their emission allowance registries are not yet operational. The Emissions Trading Scheme enables greenhouse gas emissions from the power sector and energy-intensive industrial plants to be cut at least cost to the economy.
The 21 Member States with active registries have allocated an annual average of 1,829.5 million allowances to installations in the scheme's first trading period, covering 2005 to 2007. In addition they have put aside an annual average of some 73.4 million allowances for new installations or for auctioning purposes. Independently verified emissions data for installations operating in these 21 Member States (with a small number still to report) amounted by 30 April to approximately 1,785.3 million tonnes for 2005.
By the compliance deadline of 30 April 2006 some 8.980 installations had fulfilled their obligations with regard to reporting 2005 emissions. These installations account for more than 99 % of allowances allocated.
By the compliance deadline of 30 April 2006 a total of 849 installations were identified as not having surrendered a sufficient number of emission allowances. Many of these have subsequently fulfilled their surrender obligation over the last two weeks. Some of the remaining installations that have yet to fulfil their obligations have reportedly encountered technical difficulties in national registries. The Commission will contact Member States responsible for these installations to identify the reasons and to ensure appropriate enforcement action is taken in cases of non-compliance.
Future evolution of the scheme
Preparation for the scheme's second trading period, from 2008 to 2012, is already well under way. As required by the Emissions Trading Directive, Member States are drawing up national allocation plans for the 2008 to 2012 period for notification to the Commission by 30 June. These plans are important climate policy tools since collectively they will determine the total permitted level of CO2 emissions from installations across the EU as well as how many allowances each installation receives individually. The new 2005 emissions data gives independently assessed installation-level figures for the first time and so provides Member States with an excellent factual basis for deciding upon the caps in their forthcoming national allocation plans for the second trading period, when the Kyoto targets have to be met. The plans are subject to approval by the Commission, which will also be making extensive use of the 2005 emissions data.
Separately, later this year the Commission will launch a review of the scheme and the Directive to see whether adjustments to the scheme's design should be introduced after 2012. Experience gained from the first compliance cycle is a valuable input to this process. The main purpose of the review is to ensure that the scheme, seen across the world as being the nucleus of a future international carbon market, delivers emission reductions in the most cost-effective way possible into the medium and long-term.
Under the scheme, launched on 1 January 2005, installations are allocated a certain number of CO2 emission allowances by their governments per year (one allowance gives the right to emit one tonne of CO2). Installations that keep their emissions below their total of allowances - for instance by investing in more energy-efficient equipment - can sell their surplus allowances to those that emit more than their allocated allowances. This 'cap and trade' approach ensures that emissions are cut wherever it is cheapest to do so.
After the end of each calendar year each installation has to report its actual emissions from that year, assure independent verification of this report and submit it to the competent national authority by 31 March. By 30 April the company has to surrender a number of emission allowances equivalent to its verified emissions in the previous year. Companies that surrender an insufficient number of allowances to cover their emissions have to pay a financial penalty of €40 to the Member State concerned for each missing allowance. The annual compliance cycle is closed by the publication of emissions data and surrendered allowances information per installation on 15 May and the cancellation of surrendered allowances by 30 June.
The Community Independent Transaction Log (CITL) records the issuance, transfer, surrender and cancellation of allowances that take place in national registries. Some Member States have informed the European Commission that certain oversights and errors by companies have taken place, such as cancelling rather than surrendering allowances. These could lead to slight discrepancies in the figures in the CITL and the summary tables available for download. Explanatory notes have been added accordingly.
Due to technical problems occurring in the national registries of the Czech Republic, France, the Slovak Republic and Spain, the number of surrendered allowances and therefore the compliance status per installation as submitted by these national registries to the CITL may be incorrect. The Commission is collaborating with these Member States to correct these compliance figures as soon as possible. For this reason, no installation-level tables are available for the Czech Republic, France, the Slovak Republic and Spain for download at this stage.
Member State reports can be downloaded from the Commission's Climate Change website at http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission.htm
The searchable database on verified emissions and surrendered allowances (the Community Independent Transaction Log) can be found at:
For information on the Commission's infringement action against Member States without an active registry see http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/06/469&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
For general information of the EU emission trading scheme see:
Summary information per Member State
Note: As all data are held in the CITL and national registries, no data are
available for those Member States without an active registry.
 Directive 2003/87/EC