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IP/05/319

Brussels, 16 March 2005

Opening up of energy markets: ten Member States have still not transposed the new EU rules

Today the European Commission sent reasoned opinions to Germany, Belgium, Estonia, Ireland, Lithuania, Latvia, Sweden, Greece, Spain and Luxembourg for failure to transpose into national law either one or both of the two EU Directives on the internal gas and electricity markets. In October 2004 the Commission sent letters of formal notice to 18 countries and this is now the second stage in the infringement proceedings. The situation has improved, but the Commission regrets that ten Member States have still not transposed the Directives nearly two years after they were adopted in June 2003. "It's not enough to legislate: the Member States must apply the rules that they have made for themselves.  The Commission will use all the means at its disposal to insist on this. This legislation is an essential step towards the completion of a truly competitive EU energy market and vital for the success of the Lisbon strategy" said Andris Piebalgs, the Commissioner responsible for energy.

The Commission decided to send reasoned opinions to ten Member States (see table attached) which, despite the letters of formal notice, have not yet transposed the Directive on the internal electricity market and/or the Directive on the internal gas market (1).

These two Directives are fundamental to the opening up of the electricity and gas markets in the EU. In practice, they have provided freedom of choice of supplier for industrial customers since 1 July 2004 and will provide this for domestic customers from 1 July 2007. The Directives combine opening up to competition while maintaining service quality, universal service, the protection of vulnerable customers and the objectives of security of supply.

The Directives will determine the shape of the EU energy market in the years to come and will serve as a basis for the development of energy partnerships with the EU's neighbours, in particular in the Western Balkans.

The Commission would point out that actual opening up to competition is not something that can be assessed from the moment the Directives are transposed but will be reflected by indicators such as the number of changes of supplier. This is why it is closely monitoring the integration and degree of opening up of the energy markets to competition and each year it publishes a benchmarking report (2), the last of which appeared in January 2005. Before 1 January 2006 the Commission will publish an overall report on the functioning of the market.

For further information on the situation regarding the transposition of these Directives, see table attached.

1 Directives 2003/54/CE et 2003/55/CE du 26 juin 2003

2 http://ec.europa.eu/energy/electricity/benchmarking/index_en.htm

ANNEXE

Etat de la communication des mesures de transposition

(MNE – mesures nationales d’exécution)

 
Directive 2003/54/CE
Electricité
Directive 2003/55/CE
Gaz
BELGIQUE
 
Avis motivé
Avis motivé
R. TCHEQUE
 
MNE communiquées
Dérogation
                                                           
DANEMARK
 
MNE communiquées
MNE communiquées
ALLEMAGNE
 
Avis motivé
Avis motivé
ESTONIE
 
 
Avis motivé
GRECE
 
Avis motivé
Dérogation
Marché émergent pour le gaz
ESPAGNE
 
Avis motivé
Avis motivé
FRANCE
 
MNE communiquées
MNE communiquées
IRLANDE
 
MNE communiquées
Avis motivé
ITALIE
 
MNE communiquées
MNE communiquées
CHYPRE
 
MNE communiquées
Dérogation
Marché émergent pour le gaz
LETTONIE
 
Avis motivé
Avis motivé
LITUANIE
MNE communiquées 
 
Avis motivé
LUXEMBOURG
 
Avis motivé
Avis motivé
HONGRIE
 
MNE communiquées
MNE communiquées 
 
MALTE
 
MNE communiquées
Dérogation
Absence  d’infrastructure gazière
PAYS-BAS
 
MNE communiquées
MNE communiquées
AUTRICHE
MNE communiquées
 
MNE communiquées
POLOGNE
 
Report
Report
PORTUGAL
 
Report
Dérogation
Marché émergent pour le gaz
SLOVENIE
 
MNE communiquées
MNE communiquées
SLOVAQUIE
 
MNE communiquées
MNE communiqués
FINLANDE
 
MNE communiquées
MNE communiquées
SUEDE
 
Avis motivé
Avis motivé
ROYAUME-UNI
 
MNE communiquées
MNE communiquées


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