Brussels, 20 July 2001
New Commission report shows rapid change in EU labour markets. Star performers are hi-tech, high-skill women.
The Commission today published the Employment in Europe 2001 report. The report, published annually, shows rapid all-round improvement in the way EU labour markets work. Champions of job creation are hi-tech, highly skilled women. It presents an analysis of the main trends and outlook for employment in the EU and the candidate countries against the background of the new targets for employment set by the Lisbon and Stockholm summits. However, the report notes that some sectors are still dominated by one gender (occupational segregation), even in the fast growing high-skilled, non-manual occupations and it is even widening in traditional occupations. Some evidence shows that ever-tighter rhythms of work are affecting job quality.
Anna Diamantopoulou, Commissioner for employment and social affairs said: "This report shows that Europe's labour markets are capable of rapid structural change to a more dynamic, knowledge-based economy. And that women are champion job creators. If growth is sustained and product markets further developed across the EU, we have every chance of reaching the Lisbon goal of being the most competitive and inclusive place in the world to live and do business by 2010. To borrow an americanism : ' you ain't seen nuthin' yet' ".
The main messages of the report include:
After presenting a detailed panorama of the recent labour market developments, the report analyses supply and demand trends, macro-economic changes in the transition towards a knowledge-based economy, quality in work and its role for social inclusion and regional trends in employment performance. Finally, the report looks at the situation of the labour markets in the accession countries. The report contains detailed statistical tables with key employment indicators for the member states and the accession countries.
The full text of the report is available under "Key Documents" on the website of the European Commission, DG Employment and Social Affairs:
In important new research for the European Commission,1(1) it was found that the role of women emerges as highly significant for explaining the US-EU job gap and employment patterns:
The findings of the same study do not give systematic support to the view that rigid labour markets in the European economies inhibit job growth:
In general, job-changing results in increased real and relative earnings. There are cross-country differences in patterns of job-changing, but there is no evidence for a clear US/Europe divide. Young persons feature prominently in the processes of earnings and job mobility. For most individuals low-pay employment is a transitory situation from which they move into better paid employment.
The text of the research can be found under "Publications" on the website of the European Commission, DG Employment and Social Affairs on the following address: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/employment_social/pub_en.htm
(1)1 "The European-American Employment Gap, Wage inequality, Earnings Mobility and Skill" by W. Salverda, St. Bazen, M. Gregory and others The results of the study are based on extensive data research (ECHP) for four EU Member States (France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK) and the US