Europe is facing rising energy demand, volatile prices, and disruptions to supply. We also need to reduce the environmental impact of the energy sector.
To tackle these problems, we need a clear EU energy strategy.
So EU energy policy has 3 main goals:
The Commission has launched plans for a European Energy Union. This will ensure secure, affordable and climate-friendly energy for EU citizens and businesses.
Energy will flow freely across national borders in the EU. New technologies, energy efficiency measures and renewed infrastructure will help cut household bills, create new jobs and skills and boost growth and exports.
Europe will become a sustainable, low-carbon and environmentally-friendly economy. It will lead the way in renewable energy production and the fight against global warming
Energy Union will also help Europe speak with a single voice on global energy matters.
The EU has set itself energy and climate targets for 2020, 2030 and 2050.
Targets for 2020:
Targets for 2030:
Target for 2050:
An 80-95% cut in greenhouse gases compared with 1990 levels. The Energy Roadmap 2050 shows how we could do this.
The EU is well on track to meet the 2020 targets:
Manuscript updated in November 2014
This publication is part of the 'European Union explained' series