Multiannual financial framework 2014-2020





Political agreement reached

A political agreement on the 2014 – 2020 multiannual financial framework (MFF) among European institutions was reached on 27 June 2013. The leaders of the European Parliament, Council and Commission agreed on a compromise that is to be formally endorsed by the European Parliament and the EU Council.

The proposed MFF includes new initiatives to help young Europeans find jobs, to help small and medium enterprises gain access to badly needed investment funds. The agreement also includes insurance that all obligations for the 2013 EU budget will be met, enabling the EU to start the financial period without unpaid claims made in the past. The MFF includes an important deal on flexibility which will allow making a maximum use of funds the level of which has been substantially reduced by the EU Member States as compared to the original Commission´s proposal.



About the Multiannual Financial Framework

The multiannual financial framework is a spending plan that translates the EU priorities into financial terms. It is not a seven-year budget, but the basis for the annual budgetary exercise. It sets the maximum annual amounts which the EU may spend in different political fields. It therefore provides a political as well as budgetary framework for the benefit of 500 million Europeans. The current MFF period started in 2007 and will end in 2013. The European Council (February 2013) decided that the new MFF will be lower than the current one.

Main figures

  • The Council has agreed an overall ceiling of €959.988 billion under five headings:
    • Smart and inclusive growth: 47%
    • Sustainable growth: natural resources: 39% 
    • Global Europe: 6%
    • Administration: 6%
    • Security and citizenship: 2% 
  • The commitment ceiling amounts to 1.00% of EU gross national income (GNI) compared to 1.12% for the 2007-2013 MFF.
  • The ceiling for payments equates to 0.95% of EU gross national income (GNI) compared to 1.06% for 2007-2013.

Comparison of Commission’s proposal and European Council agreement (MFF in figures) 
Provisional breakdown by programme after the European Council agreementpdf


June 2011: Commission adopts basic legislative proposals concerning MFF

Commission proposals for the multiannual financial framework 2014-2020

February 2012: Commission concludes the presentation of sector-specific legislative proposals concerning the new generation of EU programmes and policies for the next MFF

Detailed proposals for various policies (cohesion, agriculture, research and innovation, education, etc.) for the next period were adopted by the Commission before the end of 2011.

February 2013: EU heads of state or government reach political agreement

March 2013: The European Parliament sets out its stance

2013: Agreement between European Parliament and Council on the next MFF

The European Parliament, the Council and the European Commission engaged in intense negotiations. In June 2013, the presidents of the institutions reached a political agreement which was approved by the European Parliament in a resolution on 3 July 2013.

Way ahead

The final legal texts must now be adopted: the European Parliament gave its formal consent in a vote on 19 November. The MFF package was formally adopted by the Council on 2 December 2013.

Before end of 2013: Adoption of new legal bases under the ordinary legislation procedure

In parallel to the negotiations on the 2014-2020 MFF, discussions on the underlying individual sectorial programmes (e.g. cohesion, agriculture, etc.) for 2014-2020 are also ongoing between the Parliament, the Council and the European Commission under the ordinary legislation procedure.

This is of crucial importance as a vast majority of programmes run out on 31 December 2013. Therefore, to ensure the funding for millions of EU beneficiaries, the legal bases have to be finalised before that date.

Funding and programmes: to help Europe recover from the crisis

This spending plan seeks to increase growth and jobs in Europe, encourage greener agriculture and establish a more environment-conscious and internationally prominent Europe.

The proposals foresee funding increases for research and innovation, education and training and external relations. Specific funds will be used to fight crime and terrorism, and for migration and asylum policies. Climate spending is expected to  represent at least 20% of EU spending in the period 2014-2020.

The Connecting Europe Facility is a completely new way to fund cross-border transport, energy and digital infrastructure projects to strengthen the internal market and boost growth and jobs.

More information on funding and programmes

Related documents



European Commission

Jobs, Growth and the Euro

  • Margaritis SCHINAS
    European Commission Chief Spokesperson
    Office: BERL 04/333
    Mobile: +32 (0)496 583 826
    Twitter: @MargSchinas


  • Alexander WINTERSTEIN
    European Commission Deputy Chief Spokesperson
    Office: BERL 04/319
    Tel: +32 (0)2 29 93265
    Mobile: +32 (0)460 793 265
    Twitter: @A_WintersteinEC

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