Common rules for access to the international road haulage market
This regulation establishes common rules applicable to access to the market in the international carriage of goods by road within the European Union (EU). It also lays down the conditions under which non-resident hauliers may operate transport services within an EU country.
Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 on common rules for access to the international road haulage market.
This regulation applies to the international carriage of goods by road for hire or reward for journeys carried out within the European Union (EU). Where the carriage takes place between an EU country and a non-EU country, this regulation applies to the part of the journey on the territory of any EU country crossed in transit. It is not applicable to the part of the journey on the territory of the EU country of loading or unloading. This regulation also applies to the national carriage of goods by road carried out temporarily by a non-resident haulier *.
International carriage is undertaken subject to possession of a Community licence and, if the driver is a non-EU national, in conjunction with a driver attestation.
A Community licence is issued by an EU country to any haulier carrying goods by road for hire or reward which is established in that EU country and is entitled to carry out the international carriage of goods by road in that EU country. The competent authorities of the EU country of establishment issue the Community licence for renewable periods of up to ten years. The licence is issued in the name of the haulier and is non-transferable.
A driver attestation is issued by the competent authorities of the EU country of establishment of the haulier to any haulier who holds a Community licence and who lawfully employs or uses a driver in that EU country who is neither an EU national nor a long-term resident. The driver attestation is valid for a period of up to a maximum of five years.
If the conditions above are not fulfilled, the competent authorities of the EU country of establishment will, by means of a reasoned decision, reject an application for the issue or renewal of a Community licence or the issue of a driver attestation. A Community licence or driver attestation will be withdrawn where the holder either no longer satisfies the conditions above or has supplied incorrect information relating to a licence or attestation application.
Any haulier for hire or reward who is a Community licence holder and whose driver, if a non-EU national, holds a driver attestation, is entitled to carry out cabotage operations *. After the goods concerned in an international carriage have been delivered, the hauliers have seven days in which they may undertake up to three cabotage operations. These three cabotage operations may also be carried out in transited EU countries, with a limit of one operation per country.
National road haulage services undertaken in the host EU country* by a non-resident haulier will only be subject to this regulation if the haulier can produce proof of the incoming international carriage and of each consecutive cabotage operation undertaken.
Cabotage operations are subject to national legislation in the host EU country regarding the:
- conditions governing the transport contract;
- weights and dimensions of road vehicles;
- requirements concerning the carriage of certain categories of goods, in particular dangerous goods, perishable food items and live animals;
- driving time and rest periods;
- value added tax (VAT) on transport services.
To prevent discrimination on grounds of nationality or place of establishment, the above laws and regulations are applied equally to non-resident hauliers as they are to hauliers established in the host EU country.
Safeguard measures may be adopted by the Commission in the event of serious disturbance of national transport markets in a given geographical area either due to or aggravated by cabotage.
Sanctioning of infringements
If a haulier seriously infringes EU road transport legislation, the competent authorities of the EU country of establishment of the haulier will take the appropriate action which could constitute a warning, or may involve administrative penalties such as a withdrawal of the Community licence. If a non-resident haulier seriously infringes EU road transport legislation, the EU country in which the infringement is ascertained will inform the competent authorities of the haulier’s EU country of establishment of their final decision on the matter, including a description of the infringement, the category, type and seriousness of the infringement, and the penalties imposed. All serious infringements must be recorded in the national electronic register of road transport undertakings.
|Key terms used in the act|
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation No 1072/2009||
OJ L 300 of 14.11.2009