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Rail transport statistics

The objective of this regulation is to define a set of common rules for European Union (EU) rail transport statistics.


Regulation (EC) No 91/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on rail transport statistics [See amending acts].


The Commission requires statistics on freight transport and rail transport passengers in order to ensure the monitoring and development of the common transport policy and the preparation of measures in the field of transport safety.

The scope of this regulation covers all railway undertakings in the European Union (EU). Each EU country must report statistics which relate to rail transport on its national territory. EU countries may exclude from the scope of this regulation:

  • railway undertakings which operate entirely or mainly within industrial and similar installations;
  • railway undertakings which provide local tourist services.

The statistics to be collected are set out in Annexes A to H to this regulation. The main tables setting out the annual statistics on goods and passenger transport are shown in Annexes A to D, and the quarterly statistics are shown in Annex E. Annexes F and G show the regional statistics and statistics on traffic flows on the rail network and Annex H shows statistics on accidents.

For each type of data, the corresponding annex specifies:

  • the list of variables and the corresponding units of measurement;
  • the reference periods and frequency;
  • the list of tables with the breakdown for each table;
  • the deadlines for transmission of data;
  • the first reference period for which data are to be transmitted;
  • where necessary, additional comments.

EU countries must also provide a list of the railway undertakings for which statistics are provided, as specified in Annex I. Goods must be classified in accordance with Annex J and dangerous goods must additionally be classified in accordance with Annex K. The contents of the annexes may be adapted by the Commission.

Although the national authorities (national statistical institutes) are responsible for the coordination and quality control of the statistics transmitted to Eurostat, EU countries may designate any public or private organisation to participate in collecting the data. Different sources (surveys, administrative data, etc.) may be used in any combination to obtain the required statistics. The statistics are transmitted to Eurostat by the EU countries.

The regulation provides for the dissemination of all data specified in Annexes A to H, so long as the data is already available to the EU public or approval has been explicitly given in advance for such disclosure by the undertakings concerned. Information reported under Annex I may not be disseminated.

Eurostat will develop and publish methodological recommendations (taking account of the best practices in the rail sector) to assist EU countries in maintaining the quality of statistics in this domain. The quality of the statistical data will be evaluated by Eurostat.

After data have been collected over three years, the Commission will send a report to the European Parliament and to the Council on the quality and costs of the statistics, the benefits of their availability and the burden on undertakings.

The Commission will be assisted by the Statistical Programme Committee.

EU countries must provide results for the year 2002 in accordance with Directive 80/1177/EEC. Directive 80/1177/EEC is repealed with effect from 1 January 2003.


ActEntry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Regulation (EC) No 91/2003



OJ L 14 of 21.1.2003

Amending act(s)Entry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Regulation (EC) No 1192/2003



OJ L 167 of 4.7.2003

Regulation (EC) No 219/2009



OJ L 87 of 31.3.2009

Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 91/2003 have been incorporated in the basic text. This consolidated version is for reference purposes only.


Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on experience acquired in the application of Regulation (EC) No 91/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on rail transport statistics [COM(2007)832 final - Not published in the Official Journal].

Commission Regulation (EC) No 332/2007 of 27 March 2007 on the technical arrangements for the transmission of railway transport statistics [Official Journal L 88 of 29.3.2007].

Last updated: 18.08.2011
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