This Action Plan proposes a set of measures intended to ensure more efficient and more sustainable urban mobility.
Why an Action Plan on Urban Mobility?
This Action Plan meets the following needs:
- the transport system must be competitive;
- the European Union (EU) must fulfil its commitments in the areas of tackling climate change, growth and jobs, social cohesion, and health and safety;
- urban areas must address demographic trends and social concerns (persons with reduced mobility, families and children);
- urban mobility has a considerable impact on the efficiency of long-distance transport. Most long-distance transport starts or ends in urban areas, and urban mobility is thus regarded as an integral element of trans-European transport networks.
While reaffirming the principle of subsidiarity, the EU suggests improved European coordination. It also proposes to establish a coherent framework to accompany the measures taken at local level.
What is the role of the European Union?
The EU can encourage the different authorities (local, regional and national) to implement long-term integrated policies. In addition, the EU will assist authorities in finding innovative solutions and in sharing best practices at European level.
The main actions proposed by the Commission
The Action Plan proposes the following action themes:
Promoting integrated policies
Urban mobility policies must be linked to other policies concerning infrastructure, land use, social aspects of accessibility and mobility, environmental protection and industrial policy.
Citizens must be at the heart of mobility policy. As such, passengers must be better informed and their rights must be better protected. In addition, the accessibility of urban transport for persons with reduced mobility is still insufficient. The Commission will also support campaigns intended to change citizens’ transport habits (walking or cycling, use of public transport, more energy-efficient driving, etc.).
Supporting greener urban transport
The Commission will continue to support the development of greener urban transport through:
The Commission must help authorities and stakeholders to explore funding opportunities, including through the Structural and Cohesion Funds and the Intelligent Energy Europe programme.
Sharing experience and knowledge
The EU will contribute to the collection and sharing of data and information on mobility actions. It will thus help cities with less knowledge and financial capacity to benefit from the experience of more advanced cities. The EU will set up an urban mobility observatory to accompany this approach.
At international level, the EU will work towards the exchange of information and best practices between EU cities and third countries.
Optimising urban mobility
The EU will offer assistance on:
- improving logistics efficiency for long-distance freight transport in cities;
- developing Intelligent Transport System (ITS) applications for urban mobility.
This Action Plan will be reviewed by the Commission in 2012. The Commission will then determine whether further actions are appropriate.
This Action Plan meets the need to rethink mobility in urban areas. It should be made more efficient, more family-friendly and more environmentally-friendly.