Satellite navigation: Global Navigation Satellite System
To approve the agreement between the European Community, the European Space Agency and the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation on a European contribution to the development of a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), the basic objective of the agreement being notably to establish a focal point for all activities relating to satellite navigation and positioning in Europe.
Council Decision 98/434/EC of 18 June 1998 on the agreement between the European Community, the European Space Agency and the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation concerning a European contribution to the development of a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) [Official Journal L 194 of 10.7.1998].
The Agreement covered by the present Decision aims to enable Europe to provide a satellite navigation service which satisfies the operating requirements of civil operators independently of other means of radio navigation and positioning.
The Agreement covers the following activities:
- development and validation of the operational capability of a European contribution to GNSS-1 (first application of the Global Navigation Satellite System - GNSS);
- coordination of the actions of each Party to make GNSS-1 fully operational;
- preparatory work for the definition and design of GNSS-2 (worldwide civil satellite navigation system, controlled and managed at international level).
The Parties' contributions are defined as follows:
- the European Space Agency (ESA) will implement the ARTES (Advanced Research in Telecommunications Systems) programme;
- Eurocontrol will define civil aviation operator requirements and monitor the adaptation of GNSS-1 to the operating needs of civil aviation;
- the European Community will consolidate the requirements of all users.
The Agreement sets up a Joint Tripartite Committee, to meet at least once a year, and whose task is to:
- monitor implementation of the Agreement;
- formulate guidelines;
- coordinate common approaches to realisation of the Agreement.
The Committee is assisted by a Secretariat to provide the technical support for tripartite activities.
The Community is represented by the Commission in this committee.
Information on the GNSS is managed as follows:
- each Party must exchange with the others all the necessary information at its disposal;
- no institution which is Party to the Agreement may:
- disclose any exchanged information to any person other than those employed by it or officially entitled to handle such information;
- use such information for commercial purposes.
The Agreement describes the property rights of the three organisations.
The three Parties undertake to make the necessary financial arrangements to implement the Agreement.
The contracts required for implementation of the Agreement must be awarded in accordance with the usual procedures.
The Agreement sets up a liability mechanism for activities undertaken as part of its application.
Public relations activities related to subjects covered by the Agreement are to be coordinated between the Parties, the role of each being clearly identified and mentioned.
The Agreement, which can only be amended by unanimous agreement, is open to participation by third parties able to contribute to the fulfilment of its tasks.
Any dispute which may arise between the Parties concerning the Agreement may be:
- submitted to the Joint Tripartite Committee for direct negotiations, or
- settled by five arbitrators, three being appointed by the Parties and two by the Joint Tripartite Committee.