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Transport is one of the European Union's (EU) foremost common policies. It is governed by Title VI (Articles 90 to 100) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Since the Rome Treaty's entry into force in 1958, this policy has been focused on removing borders between Member States and thus contributing to the free movement of individuals and of goods. Its principal aims are to complete the internal market, ensure sustainable development, extend transport networks throughout Europe, maximise use of space, enhance safety and promote international cooperation. The Single Market signalled a veritable turning point in the common policy in the area of transport. Since the 2001 White Paper, which was revised in 2006, this policy area has been oriented towards harmoniously and simultaneously developing the different modes of transport, in particular with co-modality, which is a way of making use of each means of transport (ground, waterborne or aerial) to its best effect.
Bodies and objectives
General objectives of transport policy, agencies and bodies
Carriage of goods, Carriage of passengers, Employment and working conditions, Road safety, Technical harmonisation of motor vehicles
Objectives and bodies, Internal market, Freight, Passenger rights, Employment and working conditions, Rail safety
Objectives and bodies, Internal market, Employment and working conditions, Maritime security, Maritime transport and the environment, Port infrastructures, Inland waterways navigation
Internal market, Supply of services and licensing, Passenger rights, Air safety, The 'Single Sky' and air traffic management, Environmental protection, International dimension
Transport, energy and the environment
Environmental protection, bio fuels and the reduction of emissions, prevention of marine pollution
Intermodality and trans-european networks
Intermodality, trans-European networks, infrastructure and tariffs
Mobility and passenger rights
Sustainable mobility, passenger rights
Intelligent transport and navigation by satellite
Intelligent transport systems, satellite navigation, European space policy
International dimension and enlargement
Cooperation with third countries, Candidate countries and Community acquis, 2004 Enlargement