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Interoperability of the European air traffic management network
Differences between national technical specifications used for tenders has led to fragmentation of the market and systems and make industrial cooperation at Community level more difficult. European industry is particularly affected, as considerable efforts have to be made to adapt products to national markets.
Regulation (EC) No 552/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the interoperability of the European Air Traffic Management network (the interoperability Regulation) [See amending act(s)].
The regulation forms part of a package of legislation on air traffic management aimed at the creation of a single European sky as from 31 December 2004. This objective will enable optimum use to be made of European airspace, which will help to reduce delays and boost growth in air transport.
The aim of this regulation is to define common requirements to guarantee interoperability * between the various air traffic management systems used. It establishes a harmonised system of certification for components and systems.
The aim of the regulation is two-fold:
- to achieve interoperability between the different systems, constituents * and associated procedures in the European air traffic management network;
- to ensure the introduction of new agreed and validated concepts of operations and technology in air traffic management.
The European air traffic management network, its systems and their constituents must meet essential requirements. These are of two kinds:
- general requirements: seamless operation *, support for new concepts of operation, safety, civil/military coordination, environmental constraints, principles governing the logical architecture of systems and principles governing the construction of systems;
- specific requirements: systems * and procedures for airspace management, systems and procedures for air traffic flow management, systems and procedures for air traffic services, communications systems and procedures for ground-to-ground, air-to-ground and air-to-air communications, navigation procedures, surveillance systems and procedures, systems and procedures for aeronautical information services and for the use of meteorological information.
Implementing rules for interoperability
The implementing rules for interoperability must in particular:
- determine any specific requirements, in particular in terms of safety;
- describe, where appropriate, any specific requirements, in particular regarding the coordinated introduction of new concepts of operation;
- describe the specific conformity assessment procedures involving notified bodies to be used to assess the conformity or suitability for use of constituents, as well as for the verification of systems;
- specify the conditions of implementation including, where appropriate, the date by which all relevant stakeholders are required to comply with them.
These specification may be:
- European standards for systems or constituents, together with the relevant procedures, drawn up by the European standardisation bodies; or
- specifications drawn up by Eurocontrol on matters of operational coordination between air navigation service providers.
EC declaration of conformity or suitability for use of components
Constituents must be accompanied by a European Community (EC) declaration of conformity or suitability for use. Before a system is put into service, the relevant air navigation service provider must establish an EC declaration of verification, confirming compliance, and must submit it to the national supervisory authority together with a technical file.
Where the national supervisory authority ascertains that a constituent or a system accompanied by an EC declaration of conformity/verification does not comply with the essential requirements for interoperability, it must restrict the application of the constituent or prohibit its use. The EU country concerned must immediately inform the Commission of any such measures, indicating the reasons for it.
Where the Commission establishes that the measures taken by the supervisory authority are not justified, it will request the EU country concerned to ensure that they are withdrawn without delay.
Starting from 20 October 2005, the essential requirements will apply to the putting into service of systems and constituents of the European air traffic management network.
Compliance with the essential requirements will be required for all systems and constituents of the European air traffic management network currently in operation by 20 April 2011.
|Key terms used in the act|
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EC) No 552/2004||
OJ L 96 of 31.3.2004
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EC) No 1070/2009||
OJ L 300 of 14.11.2009
Successive amendments and corrections to Regulation (EC) No 552/2004 have been incorporated in the basic text. This consolidated version is for reference purposes only.