Framework for creation of the Single European Sky (SES)
The ‘Single European Sky’ means a package of measures to meet future capacity and air safety needs. It applies to both the civil and military sectors and covers the regulatory, economic, safety, environmental, technological and institutional aspects of aviation. The objective is to put an end to a way of organising air traffic management which has not changed since the 1960s and is one of the main reasons for the congestion of air traffic today.
Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 laying down the framework for the creation of the Single European Sky (‘Framework Regulation’) — Statement by the Member States on military issues related to the Single European Sky [See amending act(s)].
This regulation forms part of a package of legislation on air traffic management designed to create a single European sky by 31 December 2004. The objective of the single European sky is to ensure an optimum use of European airspace to meet the requirements of all airspace users.
The ‘Single European Sky’ package consists of this framework regulation plus three technical regulations on the provision of air navigation services, organisation and use of the airspace and the interoperability of the European air traffic management network. These regulations are designed, in particular, to improve and reinforce safety and to restructure the airspace on the basis of traffic instead of national frontiers.
The objective of this regulation is to enhance current safety standards and overall efficiency for general air traffic in Europe, to optimise capacity meeting the requirements of all airspace users and to minimise delays.
National supervisory authorities
EU countries must, jointly or individually, nominate or establish one or more bodies as their national supervisory authorities to perform the tasks assigned to such authorities. These authorities must be independent of air navigation service providers.
Single Sky Committee
A Single Sky Committee is established on the entry into force of this regulation to assist the Commission with management of the Single European Sky and make sure that due account is taken of the interests of all categories of users. It consists of two representatives of each EU country and is chaired by a representative of the Commission.
The EU countries adopted a general statement on military issues related to the Single European Sky. According to this, they will enhance civil/military cooperation to the extent deemed necessary by all EU countries concerned.
Industry consultation body
The industry consultation body advises the Commission on the implementation of the Single European Sky.
It is made up of representatives of air navigation service providers, associations of airspace users, airport operators, the aviation manufacturing industry and professional staff representative bodies.
Eurocontrol is involved in the development of implementing rules which fall within its remit, on the basis of mandates agreed by the Single Sky Committee.
The establishment of a performance scheme aims to improve the performance of air navigation services and network functions in the single European sky. It will consist of:
- European-wide performance targets in the key areas of safety, environment, capacity and cost-efficiency;
- national plans including performance targets to ensure consistency with the European-wide performance targets;
- periodic review and monitoring of the performance of air navigation services and network functions.
Finally, this regulation does not prevent EU countries from applying measures needed to safeguard essential security or defence policy interests.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EC) No 549/2004||
OJ L 96 of 31.3.2004
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EC) No 1070/2009||
OJ L 300 of 14.11.2009