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Croatia – Research and new technologies
Candidate countries conduct negotiations with the European Union (EU) in order to prepare themselves for accession. The accession negotiations cover the adoption and implementation of European legislation (acquis) and, more specifically, the priorities identified jointly by the Commission and the candidate countries in the analytical assessment (or ‘screening’) of the EU’s political and legislative acquis. Each year, the Commission reviews the progress made by candidates and evaluates the efforts required before their accession. This monitoring is the subject of annual reports presented to the Council and the European Parliament.
Commission Report [COM (2010) 660 final – SEC(2010) 1326 - Not published in the Official Journal].
Although the country has made progress, the 2010 Report highlights the delays caused by the economic and financial crisis. However, the significance of the research and development of new technologies remains a major challenge. Administrative capacity and investment must also be increased, in particular with support for enterprises.
EUROPEAN UNION ACQUIS (according to the Commission's words)
Due to its specificity, the acquis in the field of science and research does not require any transposition in the national legal order. Implementation capacity does not relate to the application and enforcement of legal provisions but rather to the existence of the necessary conditions for effective participation in framework programmes. In order to ensure the successful implementation of the acquis in this domain, notably successful association to the Framework Programmes, Croatia will need to create the necessary implementing capacities in the field of research and technological development including an increase of the personnel related to Framework Programme activities.
The acquis in the field of telecommunications is aimed at the elimination of obstacles to the effective operation of the single market in telecommunications services and networks, and the deployment of universally-available modern services. A new regulatory framework on electronic communications was adopted by the European Union (EU) in 2002. As regards postal services, the objective is to implement the single market by opening up the sector to competition in a gradual and controlled way, within a regulatory framework which assures a universal service.
EVALUATION (according to the Commission's words)
Progress in science and research has continued, but has slowed down as a result of the economic and financial crisis.
Efforts are needed to further strengthen research capacity, provide training, and increase investment in research by industry and small and medium enterprises.