Naming and labelling of textile products (recast)
This Directive harmonises the regulations on textile product labelling in order to eliminate barriers to the internal market in the textile sector and to guarantee that appropriate information is provided for consumers.
Directive 2008/121/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 January 2009 on textile names (recast) (Text with EEA relevance).
This Directive defines the legal framework applicable to textile names. It applies to:
- textile products which are made exclusively of textile fibres;
- textile fibres;
- products treated as textile products.
Only textile products that comply with the provisions of the Directive may be marketed. The following textile products are excluded from the application of the Directive:
- those intended for export to third countries;
- those entering Member States, under customs control, for transit purposes;
- those imported from third countries for inward processing;
- those which are contracted out to persons working in their own homes or to independent firms.
Authorised textile product names
The names set out in Annex I of the Directive must not be used for other fibres. Thus the term “silk” may not be used to indicate the shape or particular presentation in continuous yarn of textile fibres.
Only textile products exclusively composed of the same fibre may be labelled as “100%”, “pure” or “all”. Wool may be described as “pure wool” or “fleece wool” as long as it is composed of one fibre.
The composition of textile products
If a textile product is composed of two or more fibres, one of which accounts for at least 85% of the total weight, it is designated by:
- the name of that fibre followed by its percentage by weight;
- the name of that fibre followed by the words "85% minimum";
- the full percentage composition of the product.
If all fibres in the product separately account for less than 10% of its composition, the term “other fibres” may be used, followed by the total percentage or their name, as long as the percentage composition of the product is stipulated. The presence of other fibres must be given in descending order of composition.
Products having a pure cotton warp or a pure flax weft, in which the percentage of flax accounts for not less than 40 % may be given the name "cotton linen union" followed by "pure cotton warp - pure flax weft".
For textile fibres intended for end consumers, a quantity of extraneous fibres of up to 2 % of the total weight of the textile product is tolerated. This tolerance is increased to 5 % for products which have undergone a carding process. A manufacturing tolerance of 3 % in relation to the total weight of fibres is permitted between the percentage stated on the label and the percentage obtained from analysis.
Textile products must be marked and labelled when marketed. If products are not intended for end consumers, labelling and marking may be replaced by accompanying commercial documents.
If products are intended for end consumers, names, descriptions and textile fibre content must be clearly and legibly indicated on labels, marks, packaging or promotional documents. Member States may require information to be provided in their national language or languages.
Any textile product containing several components with different compositions must bear a label stating the fibre content of each component. Two textile products with the same composition and forming a single unit may bear only one label.
In addition, the Directive gives precise indications as to the labelling of certain products such as corsetry articles.
This Directive repeals Directive 96/74/EC.
|Key terms of the act|
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official journal|
OJ L19 of 23.1.2009
Amendment of the Annexes
Annexes I and V - Melamine
Commission Directive 2009/121/EC of 14 September 2009 amending, for the purpose of their adaptation to technical progress, Annexes I and V to Directive 2008/121/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on textile names (Text with EEA relevance).