Accidental marine pollution
The European Union is setting up a Community framework for cooperation between Member States in the field of accidental and deliberate marine pollution.
Decision No 2850/2000/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2000 setting up a Community framework for cooperation in the field of accidental or deliberate marine pollution [See amending acts].
1. Community action in the field of accidental marine pollution has been based on the following three areas since 1978:
- a Community Action Programme on the control and reduction of pollution caused by hydrocarbons discharged at sea [Official Journal C 162, 8.7.1978];
- a Community Information System [Official Journal L355, 10.12.1981 and Official Journal L 77, 22.3.1986], discontinued upon the entry into force of this Decision;
- a Community Task Force comprised of experts from Member States who are called on to provide practical assistance in the event of accidental marine pollution.
The Decision aims to improve these three elements and integrate them into a single framework for cooperation, covering the period from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2006.
2. The framework for cooperation intends to:
- supplement Member States' efforts at national, regional and local level to protect the marine environment, human health and coastlines against the risks of accidental or deliberate pollution at sea;
- reinforce cooperation and mutual assistance between Member States in this field, with a view to providing compensation for damages in accordance with the 'polluter pays' principle;
- improve the Member States' capacity to intervene in the event of accidental spills of harmful substances at sea.
3. The Community Information System (EN) is at the heart of the framework for cooperation. It uses a modern data processing system (Internet site managed at Community level with a Community homepage and national homepages). The national pages indicate the national structures and authorities dealing with marine pollution and the equipment available for emergency response and clean-up procedures, and specify the conditions for offering assistance.
4. The framework for cooperation will be implemented on the basis of a three-year rolling action plan (EN), to be re-examined annually. The plan will specify individual measures which will be selected on the basis of their contribution to:
- informing and preparing those involved in dealing with accidental marine pollution in Member States, including port authorities;
- improving the techniques and methods of intervention and rehabilitation after emergencies and techniques for assessing damage;
- operational support, by mobilising experts from the Community Task Force to the Member States;
- better public information;
- stepping up cooperation with the competent local authorities and with nature protection organisations.
5. An advisory committee will assist the Commission in implementing this decision.
6. No later than thirty-six months after the Decision enters into force and again six years after its entry into force, the Commission will report to the Council and the European Parliament on the implementation of the framework for cooperation.
7. The types of activity covered by the framework for cooperation and the financial arrangements for the Community contribution are set out in Annex II to the Decision.
8. A total of EUR 12.6 million has been made available for the implementation of the Decision for the period 2000-2006.
|Act||Entry into force - Date of expiry||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Decision No 2850/2000/EC||28.12.2000||-||OJ L 332, 28.12.2000|
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Decision No 787/2004/EC||20.5.2004||-||OJ L 138, 30.4.2004|