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Conservation of wild birds
Directive 1979 and its amending acts aim at providing long-term protection and conservation of all bird species naturally living in the wild within the European territory of the Member States (except Greenland).
This Directive as well as its amending acts seek to:
- protect, manage and regulate all bird species naturally living in the wild within the European territory of the Member States, including the eggs of these birds, their nests and their habitats;
- regulate the exploitation of these species.
The Member States must also conserve, maintain or restore the biotopes and habitats of these birds by:
- creating protection zones;
- maintaining the habitats;
- restoring destroyed biotopes;
- creating biotopes.
Special measures for the protection of habitats are adopted for certain bird species identified by the Directives (Annex I) and migratory species.
Directives establishing a general scheme for the protection of all bird species. The following are prohibited:
- to deliberately kill or capture the bird species covered by the Directives. However, the Directives authorise the hunting of certain species on condition that the methods used comply with certain principles (wise use and balanced control, hunting outside the period of migration or reproduction, prohibition of large-scale or non-selective killing or catching methods);
- to destroy, damage or collect their nests and eggs;
- to disturb them deliberately;
- to detain them.
Apart from a number of exceptions, in particular for certain species that may be hunted, the following are not permitted either: the sale, transport for sale, detention for sale and offering for sale of live and dead birds or of any part of a bird or any product produced from it.
The Member States may on certain conditions derogate from the provisions on protection laid down in the Directives. The Commission will ascertain that the consequences of such derogation are not incompatible with the Directives.
The Member States must encourage research and activities conducive to the protection, management and exploitation of the bird species covered by the Directives.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Directive 79/409/EEC||06.04.1979||07.04.1981||OJ L 103 of 25.04.1979|
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Directive 81/854/EEC||-||-||OJ L 319 of 07.11.1981|
|Directive 91/244/EEC||27.03.1991||31.07.1992||OJ L 115 of 08.05.1991|
|Directive 94/24/EC||20.07.1994||30.09.1995||OJ L 164 of 30.06.1994|
|Act of Accession of Austria, Finland and Sweden||01.01.1995||-||OJ L 1 of 01.01.1995|
|Directive 97/49/EC||02.09.1997||30.09.1998||OJ L 223 of 13.08.1997|
|Act of Accession of the Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Slovenia and Slovak Republic||01.05.2004||-||OJ L 236 of 23.09.2003|
|Regulation (EC) No 806/2003||05.06.2003||-||OJ L 122 of 16.05.2003|
|Directive 2006/105/EC||1.1.2007||1.1.2007||OJ L 363 of 20.12.2006|