Galileo Joint Undertaking
GALILEO is the European satellite radio navigation and positioning programme. Launched by the European Commission and developed jointly with the European Space Agency, it will give the European Union an independent technology to compete with the American GPS and Russian GLONASS systems. This Regulation, adopted in 2002, set up a Joint Undertaking to manage the development phase of the GALILEO programme. It was then amended and GALILEO ceased to exist as from 31 December 2006: as the development phase was extended until the end of 2008 the Joint Undertaking's activities were transferred to the GNSS Supervisory Authority.
Emphasising both the need to give a positive boost to European industries and services and to ensure Europe's independence in such a vital technology, the GALILEO satellite radio navigation programme has been planned in a number of phases:
- the definition phase enabled the basic components of the project to be put in place;
- the development phase (initially due to last from 2002 until 2005), aimed at verifying and testing the various components of the system's architecture; it was in fact extended to last until after 2008;
- this phase will be followed by the "deployment phase", consisting of the production and launching of satellites and the installation of terrestrial stations and equipment;
- finally the operational life.
This Regulation lays down the principles and constituent elements of the GALILEO Joint Undertaking. The aim is to have a flexible structure with legal personality that is capable of concluding the contracts needed to establish a European satellite radionavigation system permitting research and technological development. The Joint Undertaking was initially set up to cover the period from 2002 until 2005, until the end of the deployment phase and with the possibility of being extended if necessary. However, given that the development phase will not be completed before the end of 2008, the Union has considered it unnecessary to extend the joint undertaking in 2007, since the GNSS Supervisory Authority, set up in 2004, is capable of performing the necessary tasks.
The Galileo Joint Undertaking therefore ceased to exist as of 31 December 2006.
The two main tasks of the Joint Undertaking were:
- implementation of the development phase: to this end, the Joint Undertaking, by agreement, entrusted to the European Space Agency the carrying-out of the activities required during the development phase in the space and associated earth segment;
- preparing for the subsequent phases of the programme: the Joint Undertaking mobilised the public and private sector for the funds needed and set up the management structures for the various successive phases of the programme.
|Act||Entry into force - Date of expiry||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EC) No 876/2002||28.5.2002||-||Official Journal L138 of 28.5.2002|
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EC) No 1943/2006||22.12.2006||-||Official Journal L 367 of 22.12.2006|