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Pharmacy: qualifications in pharmacy


This directive sets out to define the minimum range of activities to which pharmacists must have access in all Member States.


Council Directive 85/432/EEC of 16 September 1985 concerning the coordination of provisions laid down by law, Regulation or administrative action in respect of certain activities in the field of pharmacy [See amending acts].

This directive will be repealed and replaced by Directive 2005/36/EC as of 20 October 2007.


The Directive applies to holders of a diploma, certificate or other university or equivalent qualification in pharmacy who wish to pursue activities which require such qualifications, e.g. the preparation, testing and distribution of medicines, the provision of information and advice on medicines, etc. The diplomas, certificates and other formal qualifications referred to are listed in Council Directive 85/433/EEC.

The minimum conditions, with regard to training, which Member States are to impose for the award of the diplomas, certificates and other formal qualifications, require that training be followed to ensure adequate knowledge of medicines, pharmaceutical technology, metabolism, effects of medicinal products, etc.

The Commission will present to the Council appropriate proposals on specializations in pharmacy.

The Pharmaceutical Committee will be available should any Member State encounter major difficulties in applying this Directive.


ActEntry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Directive 85/432/EEC19.9.19851.10.1987OJ L 253 of 24.9.1985

Amending act(s)Entry into forceDeadline for transposition in the Member StatesOfficial Journal
Directive 2001/19/EC31.7.20011.1.2003OJ L 206 of 31.7.2001
Last updated: 05.12.2007
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