Infant formulae and follow-on formulae for young children have to follow very strict rules regarding composition, maximum pesticide residues, labelling, advertising and marketing.
Directive 91/321/EEC - Repealed as from 1 January 2008.
It lays down rules for the marketing of infant formulae and follow-on formulae intended for use by infants in good health in the Community. It also provides for Member States to give effect to the principles and aims of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes.
These marketing rules include the stipulation of authorised food ingredients, compositional criteria, substances which may be used in the manufacture of the formulae concerned, sales names, compulsory label information additional to that required under Council Directive 79/112/EEC on the labelling of foodstuffs, etc.
Advertising of infant formulae is restricted to publications specialising in baby care and scientific publications. Member States are required to ensure that objective and consistent information is provided on the feeding of infants and young children.
MAXIMUM LEVELS FOR PESTICIDES
Directive 1999/50/EC reduces the maximum level of pesticide residues in infant formulae and follow-on formulae to 0.01 mg/kg. This level represents the minimum level detectable when using multi-residue methods for screening levels of more than a hundred substances at a time.
Annex IX to the Directive lists those pesticides which are prohibited from use in agricultural products intended for the production of infant formulae and follow-on formulae. However, this prohibition does not necessarily guarantee that products are free from such pesticides, since some pesticides degrade slowly and still contaminate the environment, causing their residues to be present in the products concerned.
This Directive repeals Directive 91/321/EEC as from 1 January 2008.
Regulation (EC) No 1609/2006
This authorises the placing on the market of infant formulae based on hydrolysates of whey protein derived from cows' milk protein for a two-year period.
|Act||Entry into force - Date of expiry||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Directive 91/321/EEC||30.05.1991 - 01.01.2008||-||OJ L 175, 4.07.1991; corrigendum: OJ L 101, 4.05.1995|
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Directive 1999/50/EC||22.06.1999||30.06.2000||OJ L 139 of 2.06.1999|
|Directive 2003/14/EC||6.03.2003||6.03.2004||OJ L 41 of 14.02.03|
|Acts of accession of the Czech Republic, Slovak Republic and the Republics of Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland and Slovenia to the European Union.||1.05.2004||-||OJ L 236 of 23.09.2003|
|Directive 2006/141/EC||-||-||OJ L 401 of 30.12.2006|
|Regulation (EC) No 1609/2006||-||-||OJ L 299 of 28.10.2006|
Further information on infant and young child nutrition is provided by the SCADplus factsheet on processed cereal-based baby foods.