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Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses
The presentation of foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (infants, people who have digestive or metabolic disorders or a particular physiological condition) is standardised. These products have specific labelling requirements, for example declaration of the energy value and the carbohydrate, protein and fat content.
The Directive applies to foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses. They must be suitable for their claimed nutritional purposes, and marketed in such a way as to indicate their suitability. A particular nutritional use must fulfil the particular nutritional requirements of:
- certain categories of persons whose digestive system or metabolism is disturbed,
- certain categories of persons who are in a special physiological condition,
- infants or young children in good health.
The use of the adjectives "dietetic" or "dietary" is prohibited in the labelling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs for normal consumption.
Specific provisions for groups of foods for particular nutritional uses will be laid down in specific Directives. These may include compositional requirements, hygiene requirements, list of additives, purity criteria, etc. Specific labelling requirements in addition to those required for foodstuffs in general, e.g. declaration of the energy value, carbohydrate, protein and fat content.
The Directive establishes the procedure to be followed if a particular foodstuff, though complying with the relevant specific Directive, is believed to endanger human health.
It also introduces provisions for the adoption of future specific Directives. Annex I to the Directive constitutes a list of foodstuffs for particular nutritional uses for which specific provisions will be laid down by specific Directives:
- Cereal-based foods and baby foods intended for infants and young children;
- Foods intended for use in energy-restricted diets for weight reduction;
- Infant formulae and follow-on formulae;
- Dietary foods for special medical purposes.
- Foods intended for the expenditure of intense muscular effort, especially for sports players. The European Commission has not yet proposed a specific directive in this area.
For further information concerning "sports foods", please visit the website of the Directorate-General for Health and Consumer Protection.
To enable foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses to be placed on the market rapidly, this Directive allows a two-year marketing authorisation, following evaluation by the European Food Safety Authority, for foodstuffs which otherwise would not comply with the composition rules laid down by the specific Directives.
This Directive amends Annex I to Directive 89/398/EEC, removing from the list three categories of foodstuffs for which the adoption of specific directives was envisaged: foods for diabetics, low-sodium foods, including low-sodium or sodium-free dietary salts, and gluten-free foods. These foods may be regulated by Directive 89/398/EEC without the adoption of specific Directives.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Directive 89/398/EEC||16.05.1990: marketing authorisation for products which comply with the Directive|
16.05.1991: marketing ban on products which do not comply with the Directive
|16.05.1989||OJ L 86 of 30.06.1989|
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Directive 96/84/EC||11.03.1997||30.09.1997||OJ L 48 of 19.02.1997|
|Directive 1999/41/EC||08.07.2000: marketing authorisation for products which comply with the Directive|
08.07.2001: marketing ban on products which do not comply with the Directive
|08.07.2000||OJ L 172 of 08.07.1999|
|Regulation (EC) No 1882/2003||20.11.2003||-||OJ L 284 of 31.10.2003|
For further information concerning foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses, please visit the website of the Directorate-General for Health and Consumer Protection.