Additives other than authorised colours and sweeteners
Legislation on additives, other than colours and sweeteners, which are permitted in foodstuffs, and their conditions of use, is harmonised in order to ensure consumer protection and the free movement of foodstuffs. The intention is also to apply stricter rules for such additives in the case of food preparations for infants and young children.
Only additives complying with specifications adopted after consultation of the Scientific Committee for Food may be used in foodstuffs.
The Directive lays down which substances are regarded as food additives, the foodstuffs in which these additives may be used (see annex) and their conditions of use.
The presence of a food additive is permitted
- in a compound foodstuff where the use of the additive is permitted in one of its ingredients;
- in a foodstuff intended solely for the preparation of a compound foodstuff complying with the provisions of this Directive.
Within three years of the Directive entering into force, Member States must set up systems for the regular monitoring of consumption and use of food additives and inform the Commission of their findings.
Within five years of the Directive entering into force the Commission must report to the European Parliament and the Council on developments in the market for food additives, review the conditions of use and propose modifications where necessary.
The six annexes to the Directive provide information on the following aspects:
- food additives generally permitted,
- the number of additives which may be used in foodstuffs,
- conditionally permitted preservatives and antioxidants (i.e. "sorbates, benzoates et p-hydroxybenzoates", "sulphur dioxide and sulphites", "other preservatives" and "other antioxidants"),
- other permitted additives,
- permitted carriers and carrier solvents,
- food additives permitted in foods for infants and young children.
Council Directives 64/54/EEC (preservatives), 70/357/EEC (antioxidants), 74/329/EEC (emulsifiers, stabilisers, thickeners and gelling agents) and 83/463/EEC (temporary measures for the designation of certain ingredients in the labelling of foodstuffs) are repealed.
9. This Directive authorises the use of Eucheuma seaweed as a new food additive.
11. This Directive approves the use of some new additives which had been authorised on a temporary basis at national level, i.e. propane, butane and iso-butane.
12. With a view to protecting human health, this Directive suspends temporarily authorisation of the use of the food additive E 425 konjac both in jelly mini-cups and in any other jelly confectionery because it has been found to be dangerous.
13. This Directive authorises a new food additive (hydrogenated poly-1-decene) which has been found to be suitable for human consumption. This product will be used as a glazing agent for confectionery and as a protective layer on dried fruit.
The Directive also authorises new applications for certain food additives which are already authorised, and subjects others to restrictions.
It is intended in particular to harmonise legislation within the Community on the additives necessary for storage and use of flavourings.
|Act||Entry into force - Date of expiry||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Directive 95/2/EC||25.03.1995||24.09.1996||OJ L 61 of 18 March 1995|
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Directive 96/85/EC||04.04.1997||28.06.1997||OJ L 86 of 28.03.1997|
|Directive 98/72/EC||04.11.1998||04.05.2000 Authorisation of trade in products complying with the Directive.|
04.11.2000 Prohibition of trade in products not complying with the Directive.
|OJ L 295 of 04.11.1998|
|Directive 2001/5/EC||24.02.2001||24.08.2002||OJ L 55 of 24.02.2001|
|Directive 2003/52/EC||17.07.2003||16.01.2004||OJ L 178 of 17.07.2003|
|Directive 2003/95/EC||20.11.2003||01.11.2004||OJ L 283 of 31.10.2003|
|Directive 2004/45/EC||10.05.2004||-||OJ L 113 of 20.04.2004|