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Colours, which may be used in foodstuffs, and their conditions of use are harmonised so as to protect consumer health and prevent divergent national legislation from obstructing the free movement of foodstuffs. Updated lists of such colours are regularly produced.
The Directive applies to the colours used in authorized foodstuffs as listed in Annex I thereto, such as E 100 (curcumin) and E 102 (tartrazine).
The Directive does not apply to:
- foodstuffs, flavourings and their components, incorporated during the manufacturing of compound foodstuffs, such as paprika and saffron;
- colours used for the colouring of the external parts of foodstuffs.
The Directive prohibits the use of colours in certain foodstuffs, including mineral water and whole milk.
The Commission is assisted by the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health.
Together with Directive 95/45/EC (see the Related Acts section below), the Directive, which is a specific application of the general legislation on additives, has replaced the 1962 legislation concerning colouring matters.
|Act||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Directive 94/36/EC [adoption: codecision COD/1991/0368]||10.09.1994||31.12.1995||OJ L 237 of 10.09.1994 [corrigenda: OJ L 252 of 04.10.1996 and OJ L 259 of 07.10.1994]|
|Amending act(s)||Entry into force||Deadline for transposition in the Member States||Official Journal|
|Regulation (EC) No 1882/2003 [adoption: codecision COD/2001/0314]||20.11.2003||-||OJ L 284 of 31.10.2003|