Reform of the Common Fisheries Policy
The reform of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) aims at putting in place conditions offering better perspectives both for fish stocks and for fisheries, as well as for the marine environment on which they depend. Sustainability is at the heart of the proposed policy and the reform should end overfishing and the depletion of stocks. Fishing sustainably means fishing at levels that do not endanger the reproduction of stocks and that provide high long-term yields. The reform is based on a decentralised approach to fisheries management, by region and by sea basin. It should improve governance standards in the European Union (EU) and worldwide through Sustainable Fisheries Agreements.
Communication from the Commission of 13 July 2011 – Reform of the Common Fisheries Policy [COM(2011) 417 – Not published in the Official Journal].
The reform of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) will contribute to the Europe 2020 Strategy. In order to do this, it must participate in introducing sustainable and inclusive growth, enhancing cohesion in coastal regions and improving the economic performance of the industry.
The proposals made by the Commission are directed towards sustainability and long-term solutions.
Conservation and sustainability
Through fisheries management that eliminates significant negative effects on other stocks, species and ecosystems, the CFP will contribute to the Good Environmental Status in the marine environment, in line with the provisions of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
The measures adopted as part of the CFP reform should enable maximum sustainable yield (MSY) to be reached by 2015, in accordance with the international undertakings made by the European Union (EU). The highest catch that can be taken must not endanger long-term stocks. On the contrary, it should contribute to maintaining the size of the population at maximum productivity.
The measures envisaged also concern the elimination of discards at sea, long-term management plans based on the best available scientific advice, improving data collection and the availability of complete, reliable data for policy-making.
A future for fisheries and aquaculture
The CFP should make fisheries and aquaculture strong, viable, competitive and attractive industries. In order to increase economic viability and eliminate overcapacity, the Commission proposes to introduce a system of transferable fishing concessions for large vessels. The system should enable some operators to buy rights from other operators wishing to leave the industry. The system requires no public funding. Furthermore, it should enable incomes to be increased and new jobs to be created.
Support measures for small-scale fisheries and sustainable aquaculture could also be developed.
Consumers will be better informed of the quality and sustainability of the products they buy. Labelling may include environmental claims or production techniques.
Fishermen’s organisations will become active stakeholders as regards planning their members’ fishing activities, and will play a more central role in driving and supplying the market, as well as increasing fishermen’s profit margins.
Improving governance through regionalisation
The reform should foster solutions that are adapted to local and regional needs, taking better account of the specific features of the different sea basins. Key decisions concerning the general principles and objectives of the policy will still be taken at EU level. However, Member States will be able to take other fisheries management measures, under Commission control. For reasons of effective management, Member States will in particular be able to adopt technical conservation measures and anti-discard measures and transpose them in their national legislation.
The Commission envisages extending the role of the Advisory Councils when drafting conservation policy under the regionalisation model. Due to the specific nature of aquaculture, the Commission also proposes to create a new Advisory Council for Aquaculture.
Public funding should cover all activities. It will be thoroughly simplified and will be linked to compliance with certain conditions (particularly of sustainability) by industry operators. The intervention regime under the Common Market Organisation will also be modernised. From now on, the setting of intervention prices will be decentralised and appropriate in order to avoid the destruction of surplus fish to maintain price levels.
EU external actions are aimed at sustainability and safeguarding marine ecosystems. They are mainly based on strengthening cooperation in order to share scientific knowledge and to comply with established rules, in particular concerning the fight against illegal fishing.
The EU must play a stronger role in Regional Fisheries Management Organisations, international organisations and in its relations with third countries.
Sustainable Fisheries Agreements (SFAs) with non-EU countries must focus more on good management of marine resources, improving scientific knowledge and establishing a quality governance framework.
The reform is based on a large-scale public consultation that was completed in late 2010. Contributions from stakeholders were used in drafting the reform, which includes the following:
- a legislative proposal for a new Regulation defining the main CFP rules [replacing Regulation (EC) No 2371/2002];
- a legislative proposal concerning a new market policy [replacing Regulation (EC) No 104/2000];
- a legislative proposal for a new Regulation on the European Fund for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries;
- a Communication on the external dimension of the CFP; and
- a report on Council Regulation (EC) No 2371/2002 regarding the chapters Conservation and Sustainability and Adjustment of Fishing Capacity, and on Article 17(2) on fleet access restriction to 12 nautical miles.