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Judicial cooperation in criminal matters

Justice, freedom and security

Combating crime involves strengthening dialogue and action between the criminal justice authorities of Member States. Consequently, the European Union (EU) has established specific bodies to facilitate mutual assistance. In particular, Eurojust and the European Judicial Network support cooperation between judicial authorities.
Judicial cooperation in criminal matters is based on the principle of mutual recognition of judgements and judicial decisions by Member States. It involves the approximation of related national laws and the application of common minimum rules. The minimum rules mainly relate to the admissibility of evidence and the rights of crime victims as well as of individuals in criminal procedures.
Introduced by the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, judicial cooperation in criminal matters comes under Title V of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

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